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Abstract

This paper is mainly concerned with the limit distribution of on the unit interval when the increasing sequence {n k} has bounded gaps, i.e., 1≤n k+1n k=O(1). By Bobkov–Götze [4], it was proved that the limiting variance must be less than 1/2 in this case. They proved that the centered Gaussian distribution with variance 1/4 together with mixtures of Gaussian distributions belonging to a huge class can be limit distributions. In this paper it is proved that any Gaussian distribution with variance less than 1/2 can be a limit distribution.

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Abstract  

Let (nk)k≧1 be a lacunary sequence of positive integers, i.e. a sequence satisfying nk+1/nk > q > 1, k ≧ 1, and let f be a “nice” 1-periodic function with ∝01f(x) dx = 0. Then the probabilistic behavior of the system (f(nkx))k≧1 is very similar to the behavior of sequences of i.i.d. random variables. For example, Erdős and Gál proved in 1955 the following law of the iterated logarithm (LIL) for f(x) = cos 2πx and lacunary

\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \usepackage{bbm} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$(n_k )_{k \geqq 1}$$ \end{document}
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\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \usepackage{bbm} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\mathop {\lim \sup }\limits_{N \to \infty } (2N\log \log N)^{1/2} \sum\limits_{k = 1}^N {f(n_k x)} = \left\| f \right\|_2$$ \end{document}
((1))
for almost all x ∈ (0, 1), where ‖f2 = (∝01f(x)2dx)1/2 is the standard deviation of the random variables f(nkx). If (nk)k≧1 has certain number-theoretic properties (e.g. nk+1/nk → ∞), a similar LIL holds for a large class of functions f, and the constant on the right-hand side is always ‖f2. For general lacunary (nk)k≧1 this is not necessarily true: Erdős and Fortet constructed an example of a trigonometric polynomial f and a lacunary sequence (nk)k≧1, such that the lim sup in the LIL (1) is not equal to ‖f2 and not even a constant a.e. In this paper we show that the class of possible functions on the right-hand side of (1) can be very large: we give an example of a trigonometric polynomial f such that for any function g(x) with sufficiently small Fourier coefficients there exists a lacunary sequence (nk)k≧1 such that (1) holds with √‖f22 + g(x) instead of ‖f2 on the right-hand side.

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Abstract  

It is proved that two types of discrepancies of the sequence {θ n x} obey the law of the iterated logarithm with the same constant. The appearing constants are calculated explicitly for most of θ > 1.

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5967 5982 Aistleitner, C. , Irregular discrepancy behavior of lacunary series, Monatsh. Math. , 160 (2010), no. 1, 1–29. MR 2610309 ( 2011i :11117

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37 – 39 . [2] Gapoškin , V. F. 1966 Lacunary series and independent functions Uspehi Mat. Nauk 21 6

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. Math. 25 241 251 GAPOSKIN, V. F., Lacunary series and independent functions, Uspehi Mat. Nauk 21 (1966

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