This article discusses the position of legal anthropology among the legal sciences and its interdisciplinary character through the example of the socio-legal studies of the Hungarian Roma minority. The first part illustrates the place of legal anthropology among the other legal and social disciplines, and its role in legal thinking, by the analysis of a practical question, “What can we do to improve the social position of the Hungarian Roma minority by legal means?” The second part considers the importance of legal anthropology in the Hungarian Roma studies, briefly sketching the characteristics of the ethnological, sociological and cultural anthropological approaches. Finally, the article surveys the insights gained from the socio-legal studies of the Hungarian Roma minority over the last two decades. It highlights the inspiring results of legal anthropological studies, and also the difficulties contemporary research has to face.
Megvilágítandó különbség áll fenn a jogi néprajz és a jogi
antropológia között, továbbá az utóbbi és a jogi etnológia s a jogi
pluralizmus, valamint a bennszülött jogok kutatása közt. Az első három tárgya
alapjában a nem jogi diszciplínák jogi vonatkozásaiból__
This article offers a case study from the “law and literature” perspective implying the presentation of the legal material of the Pusoma case, the drama written from it by Elemér Magyar, the documentary fi lm made from the case by Norbert Komenczi, and the film adaptation of the drama directed by Ragályi Elemér. The study concludes with indicating the directions of the further multidisciplinary studies involving literary studies, forensic linguistics, legal anthropology, criminology and legal sociology.