Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 112 items for :

  • "legitimacy" x
Clear All

Connolly, W. ed. (1994): Introduction: Legitimacy and Modernity. In Connolly, W. ed.: Legitimacy and the State . Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1–19. Coppedge, M. (1997): Modernization and Thresholds of Democracy

Restricted access

The Middle Persian Deeds of Ardakhšēr Son of Pābag (Kār-nāmag i Ardakhšēr i Pābagān) contains the story of Ardakhšēr, later the founder of the Sasanian dynasty. The author of this article analysed the judicial relevant data of the epic and compared them with the Zoroastrian customs and Sasanian jurisprudence. The contradictions found led him to doubt the legitimacy of the first Sasanian king.

Restricted access

Most countries now share the prospect of an extended period of public fiscal austerity. Yet at the same time the demands for improved public services continues. This paper reviews the relationship between expenditure restraint and reform. It describes three broad strategies for achieving savings, noting that each has a different mixture of advantages and disadvantages. It then identifies four significant considerations that public service leaders will need to bear in mind as they decide their programs: timing, ethics, communications and legitimacy. The paper concludes with the observation that simultaneously tackling the needs for austerity and reform will call for extraordinary levels of public service leadership.

Restricted access

Without Abstract

Restricted access

This article analyzes the significance of the activity of the Presidential Commission for the Analysis of the Communist Dictatorship in Romania (PCACDR) and the impact of its report on the basis of which the communist regime was condemned as criminal and illegitimate. The author also situates the Romanian case within the larger discussions on the role of overcoming a traumatic past in post-authoritarian democracies. PCADCR rejected outright the practices of institutionalized forgetfulness and generated a national debate about long-denied and occulted moments of the past. The Commission’s Final Report answered a fundamental necessity, characteristic of the post-authoritarian world, that of moral clarity. It set the ground for the revolutionizing of the normative foundations of the communal history, imposing the necessary moral criteria of a democracy that wishes to militantly defend its values.

Restricted access

Contrarily to most traditional accounts on the foundation of the Republic, Dionysius describes the passage from the Tarquins’ monarchy to the Republic as a lawful constitutional reform, in which L. Junius Brutus played a pivotal role. In my paper I analyze the speech that Brutus delivers to the Roman patricians to endorse the establishment of a new government in Rome. The new constitution, although remaining essentially monarchical, will keep its autocratic nature concealed from the people. Throughout this paper, I show how Dionysius in his presentation of Brutus picked up elements both related to the senatorial propaganda against M. Junius Brutus — Caesar’s murderer, who claimed descent from L. Brutus and the tyrannicide Ahala — and, at the same time, the character of Augustus’s newly-founded government. This account may thus be regarded as Dionysius’ own elaboration of Augustus’s constitutional reform.

Restricted access

Nero a halála után néhány évvel ismét feltűnt a római politika színpadán, a birodalom keleti tartományaiban, mégpedig legalább kétszer. Az ál-Nerók tevékenységén túl más politikai kalandorok hasonló történetei is ismertek a római történetírásban. A tanulmány elemzi az ismert hasonmások történeteit, bemutatva a közös motívumokat. Továbbá megpróbál magyarázatot adni az ál-Nerók kísérleteire az adott történelmi kontextusban.

Open access

The discursive battlefield of agricultural biotechnology

Érvelési stratégiák és narratívák a hazai kutatói vitákban

Társadalomkutatás
Author: Réka Matolay

A genetikai módosítás (GM) mezőgazdasági alkalmazásai (az agrárbiotechnológia) rendkívül vitatottak, korántsem legitimek jelen társadalmunkban. A hazai médiabeli viták egyik kiemelt szereplőinek, a kutatóknak a cikksorozatait elemeztem a kritikai diskurzuselemzés diskurzustörténeti megközelítésében. A biotechnológia legitimációjáért, illetve delegitimációjáért folyó diszkurzív csatamezőn hatféle argumentációs stratégiát és két narratívát tártam föl: a megbélyegzés, a kizárás, az elfogult összehasonlítások, a leválasztás, a bagatellizálás és az érvelési helycserék argumentációs stratégiáit, valamint a Pusztai-ügy és a versenyképesség narratíváit. Mindezek a vitázó felek erőforrásai a legitimáció diszkurzív stratégiáinak szolgálatában. A legitimáció diszkurzív stratégiái egyúttal tükrözik és alakítják az uralkodó társadalmi rendet, azon belül is a tudomány és a piaci társadalom hatalmi rendjét. A mikroszintű szövegekben zajló diszkurzív pengeváltások tehát nem függetleníthetők a makroszinten folyó hatalmi csatáktól.

Restricted access

Thepurpose of this paper is to examine the state of the law in relation to the locusstandi of representative groups at the Union level. The paper has a dualthematic task: the assessment of the degree in which representative groups andtheir standing to challenge the validity of legislative measures can bedifferentiated from the Plaumann criterion and the identification of strategiesthat can improve the chances of interest groups to challenge under Art. 230 EC.The thesis adopted in response states that regrettably the ECJ's interpretation of the requirement of individual concern has been applied to representativegroups. After examining the jurisprudence in different areas and from theperspective of the arguments used by representative groups in order to bypassPlaumann, there does not seem to be any clear thematic or argumentativetypology that influences the ECJ. The only important element that could make adifference is the existence of documented participation by the representativebody that creates procedural rights. It is in this respect that the removal ofthe individual concern shadow can be achieved, namely through representativegroups being effective at what they are designed to do: lobbying. Therefore,the key to strengthening the standing claim is enhanced and certifiedparticipation.

Restricted access

, Hidehiro ( 1992 ): The Yüan Imperial Seal in the Manchu Hands: the Source of the Ch’ing Legitimacy . In: Bethlenfalvy , Géza et al. (eds): Altaic Religious Beliefs and Practices. Proceedings of the 33rd Meeting of the Permanent

Restricted access