This paper presents a new decipherment of the Langjun Inscription of 1134 A.D., including a significantly revised phonological reconstruction of the text, new readings of several graphemes, paleographical notes on certain Kitan and Chinese graphemes encountered in the text, and a glossary of words contained in the text including identifiable etyma. In terms of methodology, the Kitan and corresponding Chinese texts of this bilingual inscription are juxtaposed to facilitate decipherment and reconstruction. Although several important philological studies of this text exist, this article presents the first linguistic reconstruction of the inscription.
This paper deals with the transcriptions of Chinese velar initials in the Kitan Small Script. We carried out a phonological analysis of the Kitan language as reflected in the transcriptions by comparing the transcriptions of Chinese words in the Kitan Small Script with those in the Mongolian/Uyghur script. This analysis demonstrates that Kitan has two velar consonants and one uvular consonant, and the transcriptions of the Chinese velar initials found in the Kitan Small Script reflect the distinction between velar and uvular consonants as seen in the Mongolian/Uyghur script.
, Wim van der. 1997. Reconstruction and reconstructibility: Proto-Indo-European and the typology of null objects. In J. Fisiak (ed.) Linguisticreconstruction and typology. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 337