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, No. 1 , pp. 101 — 107 . Shimunek , Andrew ( 2014 ): A New Decipherment and Linguistic Reconstruction of the Khitan — Chinese Bilingual Inscription of 1134 A

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This paper presents a new decipherment of the Langjun Inscription of 1134 A.D., including a significantly revised phonological reconstruction of the text, new readings of several graphemes, paleographical notes on certain Kitan and Chinese graphemes encountered in the text, and a glossary of words contained in the text including identifiable etyma. In terms of methodology, the Kitan and corresponding Chinese texts of this bilingual inscription are juxtaposed to facilitate decipherment and reconstruction. Although several important philological studies of this text exist, this article presents the first linguistic reconstruction of the inscription.

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This paper deals with the transcriptions of Chinese velar initials in the Kitan Small Script. We carried out a phonological analysis of the Kitan language as reflected in the transcriptions by comparing the transcriptions of Chinese words in the Kitan Small Script with those in the Mongolian/Uyghur script. This analysis demonstrates that Kitan has two velar consonants and one uvular consonant, and the transcriptions of the Chinese velar initials found in the Kitan Small Script reflect the distinction between velar and uvular consonants as seen in the Mongolian/Uyghur script.

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Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Authors: Imre Baski, Mária Ivanics, András Róna-Tas, Béla Kempf, and Alice Sárközi

Blažek, Václav (2006): Current Progress in Altaic Etymology. Linguistica Online : http://www.phil.muni.cz/linguistica/art/blazek/bla-004.pfd Fox, Anthony (1995): Linguistic

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, Andrew 2014 . ‘ A New Decipherment and Linguistic Reconstruction of the Kitan–Chinese Bilingual Inscription of 1134 A.D. ’ AOH 67/1 : 97 – 118

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. ( 2011 ) Review of Kane’s The Kitan Language and Scripts, 2009 . AOH Vol. 64 , pp. 101 – 107 . Shimunek , A. ( 2014 ) A New Decipherment and Linguistic Reconstruction

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– 111 . Shimunek , A. ( 2014 ): A New Decipherment and Linguistic Reconstruction of the Kitan — Chinese Bilingual Inscription of 1134 A.D . AOH Vol. 67 , pp. 97 – 118

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, Wim van der. 1997. Reconstruction and reconstructibility: Proto-Indo-European and the typology of null objects. In J. Fisiak (ed.) Linguistic reconstruction and typology. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 337

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