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Operator Convexity of an Integral Transform with Applications

Mathematica Pannonica
Author:
Silvestru Sever Dragomir

For a continuous and positive function w(λ), λ > 0 and μ a positive measure on (0, ∞) we consider the following integral transform

$D w , μ t : = ∫ 0 ∞ w λ λ + t − 1 d μ λ ,$

where the integral is assumed to exist for t > 0.

We show among others that D(w, μ) is operator convex on (0, ∞). From this we derive that, if f : [0, ∞) → R is an operator monotone function on [0, ∞), then the function [f(0) -f(t)] t -1 is operator convex on (0, ∞). Also, if f : [0, ∞) → R is an operator convex function on [0, ∞), then the function $f 0 + f + ′ 0 t − f t t − 2$ is operator convex on (0, ∞). Some lower and upper bounds for the Jensen’s difference

$D w , μ A + D w , μ B 2 − D w , μ A + B 2$

under some natural assumptions for the positive operators A and B are given. Examples for power, exponential and logarithmic functions are also provided.

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