Authors:E. Besenyei, P. G. Ott, Z. Bozsó, A. Czelleng, Á. Szatmári, G. J. Varga, and Z. Klement
The development of local early basal resistance (EBR), is a form of non-specific general defence response of plants to bacteria, greatly depending on temperature. This symptomless defence mechanism is easily detected by its inhibitory action on the hypersensitive response (HR) caused by a subsequent incompatible pathogenic bacterium. Both EBR and HR were investigated at different temperatures ranging from 30 °C to 5 °C. At normal temperatures (30-20 °C) both heat-killed Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae 61 (polyvirulent to many plants) and Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. phaseolicola S21 (pathogenic to bean) induced EBR in tobacco leaves within a few hours, but below 10 °C it was greatly delayed and at 5 °C usually no EBR response could be detected within 2-3 days. The time required for development of EBR did not depend on the bacterial pathovars or strains. However, the induction time of HR was not as sensitive to low temperatures as that of EBR, instead, it depended on the bacterial pathovars used.
Authors:I. Paukov, Yulia Kovalevskaya, Irina Kiseleva, and Tatiana Shuriga
This work continues a series of experimental investigations of lowtemperature heat capacity of the natural micas including ferrous micas, annite [ 1 ] and biotite [ 2 ], and lithium micas, lepidolite [ 3 ] and
Authors:M. C. D. Silva, L. M. da Silva, N. A. Santos, M. M. Conceição, A. G. Souza, and A. O. dos Santos
diesel fuel there are obstacles to the development of an alternative fuel [ 9 – 11 ]. One of the mainly problems is the cold-flow properties [ 12 – 14 ], that is, at lowtemperature the esters from saturated fat acid present in the biodiesel suffer
Authors:I. E. Paukov, Yulia A. Kovalevskaya, and Elena V. Boldyreva
, since no temperature was indicated in the article) has been reported as 1.173 J K −1 g −1 = 177.3 J K −1 mol −1 [ 19 ]. Low-temperature heat capacity has not been studied previously.
The samples of L- and DL
-temperature sintering but the product is coarsed, whilst application of sol–gel auto-combustion method allows to produce nanocrystalline ferrite in lowtemperature (ca 400 °C). Unfortunately, this method could not be used to synthesize ferrite powder from sulphate
Authors:Xiao Wei Zhao, Guo Yu Zhang, Lin Yang, Jia Xi Qiang, and Zi Qiang Chen
capacity (170 mAh g −1 ), lower cost, higher safety, and environmental friendliness [ 2 , 3 ]. But still a number of papers have addressed the problems of poor lowtemperature performance of Li-ion batteries [ 4 – 9 ]. In General, both the power and energy
Authors:Sigrid Lüftl, Bruno Balluch, Walter Smetana, and Sabine Seidler
Lowtemperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC) technology has been proved to be a valuable development of thick film technology which establishes new application areas. The LTCC process has long been used for the