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Abstract  

Heat capacity of stoichiometric homogeneous spinel MgFe2O4 was measured from 5 to 305 K and thermodynamic functions were derived for temperatures up to 725 K using our previous high-temperature experimental data for the same sample. Anomaly in C p was found at very low temperatures. Experimental data below 20 K contain large (up to 25% near 5 K) error arising from the difference in the thermal history between the experimental series. Magnetic contribution to the low-temperature heat capacity was tested, and the linear function was found to fit experimental data better than the three-halves power derived from the spin-wave theory.

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Abstract  

Isoproturon [N'-(p-cumenyl)-N,N-dimethylurea] was synthesized, and the low-temperature heat capacities were measured with a small sample precise automatic adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range from 78 to 342 K. No thermal anomaly or phase transition was observed in this temperature range. The melting and thermal decomposition behavior of isoproturon was investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The melting point and decomposition temperature of isoproturon were determined to be 152.4 and 239.0C. The molar melting enthalpy, and entropy of isoproturon, ΔH m and ΔS m, were determined to be 21.33 and 50.13 J K-1 mol-1, respectively. The fundamental thermodynamic functions of isoproturon relative to standard reference temperature, 298.15 K, were derived from the heat capacity data.

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Abstract  

The low-temperature heat capacities of cyclohexane were measured in the temperature range from 78 to 350 K by means of an automatic adiabatic calorimeter equipped with a new sample container adapted to measure heat capacities of liquids. The sample container was described in detail. The performance of this calorimetric apparatus was evaluated by heat capacity measurements on water. The deviations of experimental heat capacities from the corresponding smoothed values lie within 0.3%, while the inaccuracy is within 0.4%, compared with the reference data in the whole experimental temperature range. Two kinds of phase transitions were found at 186.065 and 279.684 K corresponding solid-solid and solid-liquid phase transitions, respectively. The entropy and enthalpy of the phase transition, as well as the thermodynamic functions {H(T)-H 298.15 K} and {S (T)-S298.15 K}, were derived from the heat capacity data. The mass fraction purity of cyclohexane sample used in the present calorimetric study was determined to be 99.9965% by fraction melting approach.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: I. Paukov, Yulia Kovalevskaya, Irina Kiseleva, and Tatiana Shuriga

Introduction This work continues a series of experimental investigations of low temperature heat capacity of the natural micas including ferrous micas, annite [ 1 ] and biotite [ 2 ], and lithium micas, lepidolite [ 3 ] and

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, since no temperature was indicated in the article) has been reported as 1.173 J K −1 g −1 = 177.3 J K −1 mol −1 [ 19 ]. Low-temperature heat capacity has not been studied previously. Experimental The samples of L- and DL

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Abstract  

Low-temperature heat capacity of two polymorphs of glycine (α and γ) was measured from 5.5 to 304 K and thermodynamic functions were calculated. Difference in heat capacity between polymorphs ranges from +26% at 10 K to -3% at 300 K. The difference indicates the contribution into the heat capacity of piezoelectric γ polymorph, probably connected with phase transition and ferroelectricity. Thermodynamic evaluations show that at ambient conditions γ polymorph is stable and α polymorph is metastable.

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Abstract  

As one 3-D coordination polymer, lead formate was synthesized; calorimetric study and thermal analysis for this compound were performed. The low-temperature heat capacity of lead formate was measured by a precise automated adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range from 80 to 380 K. No thermal anomaly or phase transition was observed in this temperature range. A four-step sequential thermal decomposition mechanism for the lead formate was found through the DSC and TG-DTG techniques at the temperature range from 500 to 635 K.

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Abstract  

Molar heat capacities (C p,m) of aspirin were precisely measured with a small sample precision automated adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range from 78 to 383 K. No phase transition was observed in this temperature region. The polynomial function of C p,m vs. T was established in the light of the low-temperature heat capacity measurements and least square fitting method. The corresponding function is as follows: for 78 K≤T≤383 K, C p,m/J mol-1 K-1=19.086X 4+15.951X 3-5.2548X 2+90.192X+176.65, [X=(T-230.50/152.5)]. The thermodynamic functions on the base of the reference temperature of 298.15 K, {ΔH TH 298.15} and {S T-S 298.15}, were derived. Combustion energy of aspirin (Δc U m) was determined by static bomb combustion calorimeter. Enthalpy of combustion (Δc H o m) and enthalpy of formation (Δf H o m) were derived through Δc U m as - (3945.262.63) kJ mol-1 and - (736.411.30) kJ mol-1, respectively.

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. Bessergenev , VG , Kovalevskaya , YuA , Lavrenova , LG , Paukov , IE 2004 Low temperature heat capacity of the coordination compound nickel(II) nitrate with 4-amine-1,2,4-triazole at temperatures from 11 to 317 K . J Therm Anal Calorim 75 : 331 – 336

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Abstract  

Low-temperature heat capacity of the coordination compound of nickel(II) nitrate with 4-amine-1,2,4-triazole was measured in the temperature range from 11 to 317 K using a computerized vacuum adiabatic calorimeter. The thermodynamic functions have been derived from the smoothed experimental data over the whole temperature interval covered and at standard conditions. At 298.15 K, the heat capacity is 574.7±1.2 J K-1 mol-1, the entropy is 599.2±1.2 J K-1 mol-1, the enthalpy is 91070±200 J mol-1, and the reduced Gibbs energy is 293.7±1.2 J K-1 mol-1. The results on C p(T) were compared with those for Cu(NH2trz)3(NO3)2·0.5H2O. It was revealed that the slope of the curve dC p/dT (T) changes essentially for both compounds at 110-120 K. It implies that additional degrees of freedom appear in the heat capacity at these temperatures.

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