The paper makes the
following novel claims: (1) the semantics of noun--noun compounds which is
activated by metaphor and/or metonymy (often termed as "exocentric"
compounds in linguistics and generally regarded as semantically opaque) can be
accounted for with the help of conceptual metaphor and metonymy theory; (2)
there are regular patterns of metaphor- and metonymy-based compounds, depending
on which constituent is affected by conceptual metaphor and/or metonymy. In the
second part of the paper I look at a subtype of metaphor- and metonymy-based
noun--noun compounds, where the simultaneous activation of both metaphor and
metonymy affects the meaning, and give an account of the productive patterns
that underlie this type.
“The same key would not open both, though a 'master key' might”
Due to the traditional views on metaphor and narrative, they are usually discussed in different contexts as if they had nothing
in common. However, during the last decades the theories of metaphor and narrative underwent a number of changes, and what
was taken for granted in traditional literary criticism is no longer evident. In particular, it should be investigated whether
metaphor and narrative are wholly unrelated or they have some kind of common structure. In this essay, the possibilities and
difficulties of comparing metaphor and narrative theories are illustrated with the example of Max Black's theory of metaphor
and Mikhail Bakhtin's theory of the dialogical novel.
Authors:Hanna Weiland-Breckle and Petra B. Schumacher
Aarts , Jan M. G. and Josepf P. Calbert . 1979 . Metaphor and non-metaphor: The semantics of adjective–noun combinations . Tübingen : Niemeyer .
Annaz , Dagmara , Jo Van Herwegen , Michael Thomas , Roza Fishman
In this paper I review some of the theoretical issues surrounding metaphor, investigating the understanding of metaphor-based constructions from a developmental psycholinguistic view. Reviewing the classification of metaphorical expressions, I elaborate on the morphological aspect of idioms; thus on the typology of metaphors, distinguishing them on the basis of their decomposability and conventionality (Gibbs 1994). I hypothesize a new, mentalistic model of interpretation, in which our mentalizing, intention-reading skills play a key role in deciphering intended (figurative) meaning. Furthermore, I point out the importance of decomposability and conventionality determining our interpretative processes; both factors playing a facilitating role in interpretation.
Benczes , R. – Ságvári , B. ( 2018 ): Where Metaphors Really Come from: Social Factors as Contextual Influence in Hungarian Teenagers’ Metaphorical Conceptualizations of Life . Cognitive Linguistics 29 ( 1 ): 121 ‒ 54