Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 1,399 items for :

  • All content x
Clear All

. & Fanelli, R. (1986): Serum methanol concentrations in rats and in men after a single dose of aspartame. Fd Chem. Toxicol. , 24 , 187–189. Fanelli R. Serum methanol

Restricted access

Abstract  

The molar heat capacities of the pure samples of acetone and methanol, and the azeotropic mixture composed of acetone and methanol were measured with an adiabatic calorimeter in the temperature range 78–320 K. The solid–solid and solid–liquid phase transitions of the pure samples and the mixture were determined based on the curve of the heat capacity with respect to temperature. The phase transitions took place at 126.160.68 and 178.961.47 K for the sample of acetone, 157.790.95 and 175.930.95 K for methanol, which were corresponding to the solid–solid and the solid–liquid phase transitions of the acetone and the methanol, respectively. And the phase transitions occurred at 126.580.24, 157.160.42, 175.500.46 and 179.740.89 K corresponding to the solid–solid and the solid–liquid phase transitions of the acetone and the methanol in the mixture, respectively. The thermodynamic functions and the excess thermodynamic functions of the mixture relative to standard temperature 298.15 K were derived based on the relationships of the thermodynamic functions and the function of the measured heat capacity with respect to temperature.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Excess molar enthalpies of binary mixtures for tributyl phosphate (TBP)+methanol/ethanol were measured with a TAM air Isothermal calorimeter at 298.15 K and ambient. The results for xTBP+(1–x)CH3OH are negative in the whole range of composition, while the values for xTBP+(1–x)C2H5OH change from positive values at low x to small negative values at high x. The experimental results have been correlated with the Redlich–Kister polynomial. IR spectra of the mixtures were measured to investigate the effect of hydrogen bonding in the mixture.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The influence of microporous carbon oxidation on thermodynamic properties of methanol and ethanol adsorbed at 308, 328, and 348 K was investigated. Adsorption mechanisms are suggested and the obtained results are compared with the presented previously for adsorption of methane and carbon tetrachloride on nonoxidised and oxidised microporous carbons.

Restricted access

In this study a simple and effective method was developed for the isolation of Saccharomyces strains from grapes. Aseptically collected grape samples were processed by enrichment in a nutritive basal medium supplemented with 10% (v/v) methanol followed by isolation of yeast strains. Sixteen of the 18 grape samples yielded Saccharomyces strain(s). More than 70% of the isolates belonged to the genus Saccharomyces. Based on phenotype and electrophoretic karyotyping, all strains of Saccharomyces were identified as S. cerevisiae. For several grape samples, varying physiological characters, the number of spores per asci, and the observed chromosome length polymorphisms provided evidence for diversity of S. cerevisiae strains obtained by this enrichment in methanol-containing broth. Results indicated that enrichment in methanol-containing broth is an effective alternative method to facilitate isolation of Saccharomyces strains from grapes. The enrichment method described in this work provides a simple and effective tool for isolation of Saccharomyces strains from grapes. The method may be applied in studying wine fermentation ecology, as well as for the isolation of potential starter strains from grapes.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Using temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), we have investigated the desorption behavior after subsequent co-adsorption of methanol and water and after adsorption of their mixtures on a NaZSM-5 zeolite. The course of desorption indicates that a strong mutual displacement of both components occurs. However, on the strongest adsorption sites methanol is preferentially adsorbed, and already the addition of small amounts of methanol leads to a displacement of water. Our results support the idea of a subdivision of the pore space for adsorption of water/methanol mixtures. Above all, the experiments show that in the part of the pore space where both components are adsorbed, different sites are of importance which vary significantly in their interaction strength.

Restricted access

Introduction Methanol synthesis from carbon monoxide and hydrogen is one of the most important processes in chemical industry. The conversion of the reactants in a conventional tubular fixed-bed reactor is limited by the

Restricted access

Abstract  

Excess enthalpies of six binary mixtures of CH3 OD+CH3 OH, CH3 OD+CD3 OD, CD3 OD+CH3 OH, C2 D5 OD+C2 H5 OH, C2 D5 OD+C2 H5 OD, C2 H5 OD+C2 H5 OH have been determined over the whole range of mole fractions at 298.15 K in order to know the isotopic effect on hydrogen-bonding accurately, although there are many reports on the differences in the strength of hydrogen-bonding between OH and OD. All excess enthalpies measured are very small and endothermic. The mixtures of CH3 OD+ CH3 OH, and C2 D5 OD+C2 H5 OH showed the largest excess enthalpies among each methanol and ethanol mixtures. The difference of intermolecular interaction between OH and OD in methanol and ethanol was almost same value of (1.820.04) J mol-1 Excess enthalpies of 1,4-dimethylbenzene+1,3-dimethylbenzene and 1,4-dimethylbenzene+1,2-methylbenzene were measured by three different principle calorimeters at 298.15 K in order to know the precision of calorimetry for a small enthalpy change.

Restricted access

, H. & Delgado, J. M. (1997): Different methanol feeding strategies to recombinant Pichia pastoris cultures producing high level of dextranase. Biotech. Tech. , 11 , 461-466. Different methanol feeding strategies to

Restricted access

Introduction The methanol-to-hydrocarbons reaction was first discovered in the laboratory of Mobil Company using a ZSM-5 catalyst [ 1 ]. Higher temperature and lower pressure were proved to have positive effects on the olefin

Restricted access