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Abstract  

Cross-linked polymers have particular rheological responses during reprocessing, e. g. if the material is recycled, special processing conditions are required. Other virgin polymers can be used as a blending component to enhance rheological properties. Bi-layer film of EVA/LLDPE was produced on a blown film line and cross-linked by high-energy radiation. This film was ‘agglomerated’ then reprocessed in a twin-screw extruder with virgin LLDPE and blown into film. The miscibility of the blend components was then studied using a TA Instruments temperature modulated differential scanning calorimeter (TMDSC). It was found that the cross-linked EVA/LLDPE scrap and the LLDPE have a slight miscibility in the liquid state. A bigger portion of LLDPE was miscible (dissolved) in EVA in low LLDPE blends. A positive deviation in the heat capacity of the LLDPE component compared to the additivity rule indicated melting to be more reversible in the first heating cycle. This initial miscibility was attributed to being induced by high shear during processing. A smaller positive deviation also occurred in the second heating cycle. This was attributed to intrinsic miscibility.

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Abstract  

Binary blends of poly (ether sulphone) (PES) and Nylon-6 were prepared in a whole range of composition by melt extrusion. Miscibility behaviour of the blends were studied using thermal analytical techniques like differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). Due to the rapid crystallization of Nylon-6 as it is cooled from the melt state, its glass transition behaviour could not be detected even in the quenched samples by DSC. Furthermore, the crystallization and melting behaviour of the blends have been studied by DSC. DMA results show that the dynamic storage modulus of the blends were in-between those of the constituent polymers. Also the glass transition of Nylon-6 phase as determined by the peak in loss tangent remains constant which shows that the two polymers are immiscible. Thermal expansion coefficient of the blends as determined by TMA is greater than that of Nylon-6 signifying the increased dimensional stability of the blends at higher temperatures. Morphological studies done by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) show the biphasic nature of the blends, with clear cut boundaries between the phases because of poor interfacial adhesion. Dispersed particle size is small when Nylon-6 is the dispersed phase because of its lower melt viscosity as compared to PES. Thermal stability of the blends was measured using thermogravimetric analysis (TG). Two-step decomposition behaviour was observed because of macro-phase separated morphology.

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Abstract  

The miscibility of crystalline syndiotactic polystyrene (SPS)/non-crystalline atactic polystyrene (APS) blend was estimated by the crystallization dynamics method, which evaluated the nucleation rate, the crystal growth rate and the surface free energy parameter. The melting temperature depression suggested that SPS/APS blends were the miscible system but not in molecular level. The relationship between the blend content and the chemical potential difference evaluated at a constant crystal growth rate showed a good linear relationship. These facts suggested that SPS/APS blends contained the concentration fluctuation with the size between few nm to less than 80 nm.

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Abstract  

The crystallization dynamics of Nylon 66/Nylon 6 blends, the crystalline/crystalline polymer blends, was analyzed by DSC under isothermal conditions. The crystal growth rate (G) and the nucleation rate (N) depended on both the degree of supercooling (ΔT) and the blend mass fraction (ϕ). The ΔT /T m 0 values obtained at the fixed G, which corresponded to the chemical potential difference of molecules between liquid and crystal states, and the surface free energy parameters evaluated from G and N depended on ϕ for blends. The results suggested that Nylon 66/Nylon 6 blends with ϕN66≥0.80 or ϕN66≤0.15 are miscible.

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Abstract  

Miscibility and dehydration of poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) and poly(methacrylic acid) (PHEMA/PMAA) blends were investigated by temperature modulated DSC (TMDSC), TG and solid-state 13C NMR methods. TMDSC spectra and 1H spin-relaxation times showed that the blends are homogeneous on a scale of 5-10 nm for all compositions. From TG and 13C NMR, we elucidated that the mass loss of the blends at 300C is ascribed to the dehydration between the hydroxyl group of PHEMA and the carboxyl group of PMAA.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Niko Van den Brande, Cor Koning, Paul Geerlings, Gregory Van Lier, Guy Van Assche, and Bruno Van Mele

decreased when the relative amount of compatibilizer increased, although only low percentages of compatibilizer showed this effect. Despite promising results, the especially low miscibility with PS coupled with its high mobility makes PDMS a challenging

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Abstract  

Thermal stability and degradation processes in PVC/EVA systems were evaluated for a series of EVAs with different vinyl acetate contents. The experimental data revealed a relationship between the thermogravimetric curves and the degree of interaction in the mixtures as compared to the pure polymers, which is consistent with the results of microscopic analysis. Kinetic parameters and lifetime data on the mixtures were also calculated.

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Abstract  

Poly(vinyl chloride) was blended with ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer containing 70 wt% of vinyl acetate. The system shows a single glass transition temperature for all compositions, indicating their miscibility. TheT g vs. composition curves display an inflection, which changes with the chemical environment of the initial solution. The best fit to the shape of the curve was well reproduced by the Kovacs-Braun equation. The δT g values reveal local heterogeneity, which means no total miscibility at a molecular level. Negative values of the Flory-Huggins interaction parameter were obtained from the calorimetric data.

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Abstract  

In order to provide additional information on the miscibility of the PVC/EVA system, calorimetric parameters such as ΔC pi,T gi and ΔT gi were obtained with a different approach. A qualitative and quantitative measure of the blend composition at the interface was obtained. This indicated that the domains are rich in each component and the presence of the second component in the phase has little effect on the main chain relaxation. The PVC fraction in the EVA-rich phase is always larger than the EVA fraction in the PVC-rich phase. Positive and small values of the Flory-Huggins interaction parameter were obtained from calorimetric data.

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