Dough mixing properties are important in determining wheat processing and end-use quality. The Reomixer is a mixograph type device which provides mixing curves, described in detail by a total of 17 parameters. We analyzed the Reomixer mixing parameters of 26 breeding lines grown in 2007, in four contrasting environments (with and without Nitrogen fertilization, under water stress or irrigated). Using these data, we attempted to condense the information by identifying the most suitable parameters for use in a breeding program. We used the following criteria: high reproducibility (minimum coefficient of variation among repetitions), high genotype influence (i.e. high heritability), larger amount of information about overall variation of the other mixing parameters and complementarity of information (low correlation with other selected parameters). Mixing parameters varied widely for all criteria and no one parameter was best for all of them. Based on average performance we selected: “initial slope”, “peak time”, “peak height”, “end width” and “breakdown”, as having better ranking for the first three criteria and being less correlated between themselves than other mixing parameters. The five selected parameters cover all phases of dough development and describe all basic rheological aspects of mixing properties.
Authors:Yang-Xi Yu, Qing-Yin Zhang, and Guang-Hua Gao
In order to predict extraction equilibria for uranyl nitrate and nitric acid between aqueous and tributyl phosphate (TBP)-hydrocarbon diluent solutions, activity coefficient equations for the three components in the system HNO3-UO2(NO3)2-H2O were derived and the general equation for excess Gibbs energy, proposed by Clegg and Pitzer, simplified. The activity coefficient equations comprise a Debye-Hückel term and a Margules expansion carried out to the four suffix level, where the higher order electrostatic contribution was neglected. The binary parameter was determined from the thermodynamic properties of the two relevant aqueous solutions. The three mixing parameters were obtained by correlating data for the partial pressure of nitric acid over HNO3-UO2(NO3)2-H2O solutions at 298.15 K. By using the mixing parameters, the activity coefficients of the ternary system can be calculated with good accuracy, and the solubility of uranyl nitrate in aqueous nitric acid with concentration up to 14 mol/kg can be satisfactorily predicted.
Authors:Yang-Xin Yu, Tie-Zhu Bao, Guang-Hua Gao, and Yi-Gui Li
In order to obtain the exact information of atomic number density in the ternary system of HNO3−UO2(NO3)2−H2O, the densities were measured with an Anton-Paar DMA60/602 digital density meter thermostated at 298.15±0.01 K. The apparent
molal volumes for the systems were calculated from the experimental data. The present measured apparent molar volumes have
been fitted to the Pitzer ion-interaction model, which provides an adequate representation of the experimental data for mixed
aqueous electrolyte solutions up to 6.2 mol/kg ionic strength. This fit yields θV, and ψV, which are the first derivatives with respect to pressure of the mixing interaction parameters for the excess free energy.
With the mixing parameters θV, and ψV, the densities and apparent molar volumes of the ternary system studied in this work can be calculated with good accuracy,
as shown by the standard deviations.
Authors:K. Agarwal, M. Prasad, A. Chakraborty, C. B. Vishwakarma, R. B. Sharma, and D. K. Setua
NBR/PVC has morphology similar to a miscible blend. There are, of course, other parameters which play important role in the generation of miscibility or compatibility viz., the blend ratio, mass and viscosity of the phase components, mixingparameters
Authors:Barbara Pacewska, Mariola Nowacka, Valentin Antonovič, and Marius Aleknevičius
is important, but also the hydration process of such materials is very sensitive to manufacturing conditions: ambient temperature, mixingparameters, water quantity and quality, etc., therefore sometimes producers fail to make so quality product [ 1