This contribution focuses on domain-specific multilingual structured content (including terminology). In eApplications, such as eBusiness, eHealth, eLearning, etc., terminology today is mostly embedded in or combined with other kinds of content (most frequently occurring in specialized texts) – increasingly, however, occurring in combination with other kinds of structured content. In order to make the development of structured content less expensive (because of its labour-intensiveness), new methods for web-based, distributed, cooperative creation of structured content (and the respective workflow management) are needed.
This adds a new dimension to technical and other kinds of interoperability: content interoperability, a fundamental requirement for achieving the aims of the semantic web. ISO/TC 37 “Terminology and other language and content resources” is gradually moving into this area, bringing in its competence and experience with the data modelling of multilingual terminological data and other language resources (LRs) from the point of view of ‘content’ as seen by domain experts.
A new generation of content repositories, such as the ISO Concept DataBase (ISO/CDB), the DIN Properties Dictionary and the eCl@ss multilingual product classification are important developments in the direction outlined above. They are based on international standards, which will also pave the way for new kinds of certification and quality management in the enterprise.
Authors:Bakhyt Aubakirova, Kinga M. Mandel, and Balazs Benkei-Kovacs
Multilingual Policy and Multilingual Education in Europe
According to Joze Manuel Vez ( 2009 ), multilingualism is regarded as “ the plus factor for European integration, competitiveness and the growth and better jobs .” In
To examine the dynamics of incompletion that characterizes many writings by twentieth century authors, the following essay
investigates the possibilities to visualize (1) switches, (2) shuffles and (3) shifts in modern multilingual manuscripts with
digital philological tools. (1) Jerome McGann’s notions of the bibliographical and the linguistic codes were originally not
coined in relation to manuscript studies, but they can be applied to a particular form of “code switching” between an image-based
and a text-based approach. (2) Another phenomenon that typically marks the writing process of literary texts is the practice
of shuffling textual segments when their definitive position has not yet been fixed. (3) Finally, transtextual shifts in multilingual
manuscripts are not only limited to intertextual references, but often have a language-related dimension as well.
 Németh, Géza - Csaba Zainkó 2001. Word unit based multilingual comparative analysis of text corpora. In: Proceedings of Eurospeech 2001, 2035-8. Aalborg, Denmark.
Word unit based multilingual comparative analysis of text