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. Vet. 2004 155 299 314 Binder, E.M. (2007): Managing the risk of mycotoxins in

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420 Móricz, Á., Otta, K. H., Ott, P. G., Tyihák, E. (2004) New horizon in the characterization of the action of mycotoxins separated by TLC or OPLC. In: Sz. Nyiredy (ed.) Proc. Intern. Symp. on Planar

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Berardo, N., Pisacane, V., Battilani, P., Scandolara, A., Pietri, A., Marocco, A. 2005. Rapid detection of kernel rots and mycotoxins in maize by near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. J. Agricul. and Food Chem

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Introduction Physicians distinguish among mycotoxins either depending on the affected organ (nephro-, hepato-, immunotoxins, etc.) or by the type of illness known as fungal toxicosis [ 1, 2 ]. Cell biologists try to separate

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Fusarium head blight (FHB) of cereals is one of the most important pre-harvest diseases worldwide. One possible method to reduce the intensity of FHB and mycotoxin levels is to apply fungicides to wheat at the flowering stage. This paper reports the efficacy of fungicides to control FHB and reduce the associated mycotoxin biosynthesis. In a two-year experiment eight combinations of fungicides were tested. Ear inoculation with a suspension of conidia of Fusarium culmorum representing the DON chemotype, confirmed by PCR assay, was conducted during anthesis. All fungicides significantly reduced FHB severity. The best control and the highest wheat yield were obtained after the application of spiroxamine + prothioconazole at GS 29-32, combined with prothioconazole + fluoxastrobin at GS 49-55 (yield 166.5% of the control) or tebuconazole and prothioconazole (165.8%). All the other protection programs resulted in higher yields (117.1–138.5% of the control). A clear relation was observed between the disease intensity and mycotoxin concentrations.

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665 Fazekas, B. (2001): A mikotoxinok elöfordulása és gazdasági kártétele Magyarország három határ szegletében (Occurrence and economic effect of mycotoxins in North-Eastern Hungary.) -in

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Trenholm, H. L., Prelusky, D. B., Young, J. C. and Miller, J. D. (1989): A practical guide to the prevention of Fusarium mycotoxins in grain and animal feedstuffs. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 18, 443-451. A practical guide

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. K.F. Nielsen , Mold Growth on Building Materials. Secondary Metabolites, Mycotoxins and Biomarkers. Ph.D. Thesis. BioCentrum-DTU, Technical University of Denmark, 2002. A.P. Verhoeff, J.H. van

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Cereal Research Communications
Authors: K. Gromadzka, M. Wit, K. Górna, J. Chełkowski, A. Waśkiewicz, P. Ochodzki, and R. Warzecha

. Bezuidenhout , S.C. , Gelderblom , W.C.A. , Gorst-Allman , C.P. , Horak , R.M. , Marasas , W.F.O. , Spiteller , G. , Vleggaar , R. 1988 . Structure elucidation of the fumonisins, mycotoxins from Fusarium moniliforme . J. Chem. Soc

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Champeil, A., Fourbet, J.F., Doré, T., Rossignol, L. 2004. Influence of cropping system on Fusarium head blight and mycotoxin levels in winter wheat. Crop Protection 23 :531–537. Rossignol L

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