Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 55 items for :

  • All content x
Clear All

Abstract  

A previous study on the physical properties of 1-alkanol + n-alkane has establised a correlation between dielectric permittivity at 1 GHz and excess molar volumes for all binary systems that were studied. In order to determine whether this behaviour is similar at lower frequencies, relative permittivity was measured at 100 kHz. The refractive index was measured to explore the effects at higher frequencies. Mixtures under study are in particular the systems (1-butanol + n-hexane, or n-octane, or n-decane) at the temperature of 298.15 K and atmospheric pressure, over the entire composition range.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The solubility of two n-alkanes in commercial organic liquids, such as diesel fuel and jet fuel represent a problem to industry, because they precipitate in an unpredictable fashion. First we calculated the metastable enthalpy and entropy of fusion of the low temperature forms of the n-alkanes. We analyzed the solubility of alkanes n-C22H46, n-C23H48, n-C24H50 and n-C28H58 in ethylbenzene, m-xylene, n-heptane and gas oil. All systems seem to be close ideal, possibly with a slight positive deviation. We analyzed the solubility at constant temperature of the ternary system solvent C22H46-C24H50, C23H48-C24H50, C13H28-C16H34, C20H42-C22H46, C20H42-C24H50 and C20H42-C28H58, and looked at cloud points in various ternary systems. When the difference in the number of carbon atoms in the two alkanes is small, four or less, a metastable solid solution precipitates from the solvent. If the difference in the number of carbon atoms is six or more, the ‘equilibrium’ phases, or at least phases with low solubility precipitate.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The experimental data of excess enthalpies for β-carotene/n-alkane+n-alkane/AOT/water systems at 298.15 K are reported. The H E dependence on AOT (sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate) concentration and hydrocarbon chain length was investigated. The excess enthalpy was measured using the flow microcalorimeter UNIPAN type 600.

Restricted access

Excess molar enthalpies of dichloropropane + n-alkane mixtures

Study on the effect of increasing the chain length of the n-alkane and the influence of the chlorine position

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: M. Mato, J. Fernández, J. Legido, and M. Paz Andrade

Abstract  

We have determined the excess molar enthalpies

\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$H_{\text{m}}^{\text{E}}$$ \end{document}
at 298.15 K and normal atmospheric pressure for the binary mixtures containing dichloropropane and n-alkane [{xCH2ClCHClCH3 + (1−x) CnH2n+2 (n = 6, 8, 10, 12)} and {xCH2ClCH2CH2Cl + (1−x) CnH2n+2 (n = 8, 10)}] using a Calvet microcalorimeter. The
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$H_{\text{m}}^{\text{E}}$$ \end{document}
values for all the mixtures show endothermic behaviour for the whole composition range. The Redlich–Kister equation was used to correlated the experimental values. The experimental excess molar enthalpies were examined on basis of the DISQUAC group-contribution model and the UNIFAC group-contribution method using the version considered by Larsen et al. The experimental and calculated results are discussed in terms of molecular interactions and the proximity effect.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Urea-adduct process is commercially used to selectively separate n-alkanes from industrial hydrocarbon mixtures. Authors have explored application of this method for recovery of n-alkane based diluents from spent PUREX/UREX solvent. Traditionally this separation is performed by vacuum distillation, an energy-intensive process. The proposed method is simple and does not involve either exotic chemicals or complex processing steps. Application of urea-adduct process for recovery of diluent from spent solvent is reported here possibly first time in literature. Physical properties such as densities, viscosities and vapour pressure for irradiated organic solutions were also measured and reported.

Restricted access

The molar excess enthalpies measured for binary mixtures of 2-, 3-, 4-picoline +n-alkane (C6H14-C10H22) at 298.15 K have been compared with the Prigogine-Flory-Patterson theory and the Extended Real Associated Solution model estimations.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The following extraction systems have been studied: (Ce3++Eu3+) (NO3)-(EDTA, DCTA, DTPA)/TBP in n-alkane and (Ce3++Eu3+)(NO3)/DEHPA in n-alkane at concentration ratios as follows: [Ce3+]=trace –1 mol·dm–3, [Eu3+]=trace –0.1 mol·dm–3. [TBP]=(0.183–1.83) mol·dm–3, [DEHPA]=(5·10–3–0.1) mol·dm–3, [(H, Na)NO3]=(0.1–6) mol·dm–3, [Eu3+]: [EDTA, DCTA, DTPA]=11–110. The initial concentration of Eu3+ in aqueous phase in the extraction system containing a mixture of Ce3+ and Eu3+ was trace, 1% and 10% compared with the Ce3+ concentration. The distribution of the elements between the phases was observed radiometrically using141Ce,152Eu and154Eu. The results are documented by the distribution ratios DCe, DEu and separation factor =DEu/DCe as functions of variable parameters of the systems.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Phase transitions of hexatriacontane (C36) and octacosane (C28), both as the solution grown single crystal (SGC) and polycrystalline aggregates (MCC) prepared by cooling at 1 K min–1 from the isotropic liquid state, were measured by the simultaneous DSC-FTIR method. MCC of C36 showed the freezing of the high temperature stable phase, which had a slight lower order of the lattice vibration mode comparing with the room temperature stable phase. MCC of C28 demonstrated thermo-reversible phase transition, however, had a binomial distribution of crystal stability of the monoclinic phase.

Restricted access

Mcgill , A.S., Moffat , C.F., Mackie , P.R. & Cruikshank , P. (1993): The composition and concentration of n-alkanes in retail samples of edible oils. J. Sci. Fd Agric ., 61 , 357–362. Cruikshank P

Restricted access

Abstract  

In order to study the dependence of non-universal critical quantities on the molecular structure, heat capacities per unit volume for the dimethyl carbonate+(heptane, octane, nonane, decane or tridecane) critical mixtures near their upper consolute point are measured. The data are obtained at atmospheric pressure as a function of temperature in the homogeneous and heterogeneous regions by means of a differential scanning calorimeter. The exponent and amplitudes that characterises the observed critical anomaly are determined from experimental data, being their values coherent to previous results; in addition, the critical amplitudes of the correlation length was calculated from critical amplitudes using the universality of the two-scale factor. The influence of the alkane length on the critical temperature and heat capacity critical amplitude are analysed.

Restricted access