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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Espen Aarseth
,
Anthony M. Bean
,
Huub Boonen
,
Michelle Colder Carras
,
Mark Coulson
,
Dimitri Das
,
Jory Deleuze
,
Elza Dunkels
,
Johan Edman
,
Christopher J. Ferguson
,
Maria C. Haagsma
,
Karin Helmersson Bergmark
,
Zaheer Hussain
,
Jeroen Jansz
,
Daniel Kardefelt-Winther
,
Lawrence Kutner
,
Patrick Markey
,
Rune Kristian Lundedal Nielsen
,
Nicole Prause
,
Andrew Przybylski
,
Thorsten Quandt
,
Adriano Schimmenti
,
Vladan Starcevic
,
Gabrielle Stutman
,
Jan Van Looy
, and
Antonius J. Van Rooij

Concerns about problematic gaming behaviors deserve our full attention. However, we claim that it is far from clear that these problems can or should be attributed to a new disorder. The empirical basis for a Gaming Disorder proposal, such as in the new ICD-11, suffers from fundamental issues. Our main concerns are the low quality of the research base, the fact that the current operationalization leans too heavily on substance use and gambling criteria, and the lack of consensus on symptomatology and assessment of problematic gaming. The act of formalizing this disorder, even as a proposal, has negative medical, scientific, public-health, societal, and human rights fallout that should be considered. Of particular concern are moral panics around the harm of video gaming. They might result in premature application of diagnosis in the medical community and the treatment of abundant false-positive cases, especially for children and adolescents. Second, research will be locked into a confirmatory approach, rather than an exploration of the boundaries of normal versus pathological. Third, the healthy majority of gamers will be affected negatively. We expect that the premature inclusion of Gaming Disorder as a diagnosis in ICD-11 will cause significant stigma to the millions of children who play video games as a part of a normal, healthy life. At this point, suggesting formal diagnoses and categories is premature: the ICD-11 proposal for Gaming Disorder should be removed to avoid a waste of public health resources as well as to avoid causing harm to healthy video gamers around the world.

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An investigation of harmful algae in Nigerian coastal waters was made between 1996 and 2004. Samples were collected from the coastal states of the Atlantic Ocean in the Gulf of Guinea. The states were Lagos, Ondo, Delta, Bayelsa and Rivers states. A total of 24 taxa were identified and classified into three divisions, namely Bacillariophyta, Cyanophyta and Dinophyta. The Dinophyta represented the bulk of the algae comprising 18 taxa in the genera Ceratium, Dinophysis, Gymnodinium, Peridinium, Protoperidinium and Prorocentrum. Some of the species are capable of producing noxious blooms with attendant negative implications for the ecosystems, ecology, economy, recreation and human health.

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A szimbiotikus embertől az egzisztenciálisan fogyatékos emberig +

From Symbiotic Human to Existentially Disabled Human

Educatio
Author:
Jácint Farkas

Összefoglaló. A folyamatban lévő kutatás a fogyatékosság és az akadálymentesség közismert fogalomtársításait egy többdimenziós filozófiai hálóba szőve, a tér, a lét és az idő minden irányába igyekszik kiterjeszteni és neutralizálni. Mindezt azért tartjuk fontosnak és a társadalmunkra nézve hasznosnak, mert a tudományos és a köznapi diskurzusokban használva, a fenti fogalompárhoz kapcsolódó értelmezési módok, az esetek túlnyomó többségében, negatív konnotációt kapnak.

Summary. This paper extends and neutralizes the widely-known connotations of disability and accessibility towards all the directions of space, existence and time. This is considered as important and useful for our society because the interpretations related to these terms carry negative implications in the majority of cases in scientific and everyday discourses.

Open access

Abstract

Research on private supplementary tutoring, widely known as shadow education, has a long history but only gathered intensity during the present century. This research has shown much diversity in the scale and nature of shadow education, but further mapping and analysis is needed to reduce gaps in understanding and to keep up with changes. The collection of articles in this special issue of the journal presents insights from parts of Africa, Asia and Europe; and this introductory essay juxtaposes these insights with Hungarian research. The domain of shadow education has many tensions, with both positive and negative implications for individuals, families, the field of education, and societies as a whole. International research helps with understanding these tensions, and in due course with appropriate action to address them. In the process, much can be learned from counterparts in different systems, countries and cultures, not only about the nature and impact of shadow education but also about methodological approaches to research.

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Economic literature has recently paid increased attention to the interrelationships between resource (oil) wealth (i.e. dependence on exports of oil and other raw materials) on one hand, and macroeconomic performance (and socio-political system) on the other. Most authors find that resource wealth has a negative impact on economic development, and suggest that resource-oriented countries should diversify their economies. This article reviews some economic-policy dilemmas, and also examines the need for, and the constraints of, structural changes in Russia, an atypical, but quite important resource-dependent country. The negative implications of the “resource curse”are valid in the case of this country, as well. Russia has become resource-oriented despite the priority of heavy (military) industry development during the Soviet period. Although in some fields Soviet manufacturing was extensive and strong, it proved inefficient and internationally non-competitive. Engineering - the largest industrial sector - was never export-oriented. In addition, post-Soviet decline led to significant de-industrialisation. Thus, the present dependence on oil and gas is more a consequence than a cause of the weakness of manufacturing. Government-managed reorientation of resources from raw materials sectors onto manufacturing and services (urged by almost everyone but showing little progress) is a necessary but far not sufficient condition of the economic modernisation.

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The possibilities of the elimination of continuous cropping negative implications on the grain yield and microbial soil diversity were investigated. A stationary field experiment was established on Luvi-Haplic Chernozem. Statistically higher grain yield was found in the variant with mineral fertilization and straw and organic fertiliser Veget® incorporation (5.58 t.ha−1) compared with the variant with mineral fertilization only (4.87 t.ha−1) and with the variant with mineral fertilization and straw incorporation (4.90 t.ha−1). Statistically higher straw yield was found in the variant with mineral fertilization and straw and organic fertiliser Veget® incorporation (6.21 t.ha−1) compared with the variant with mineral fertilization only (4.41 t.ha−1). By cultivar Ebi, the grain yield was significantly higher in comparison to the cultivar Petrana. The lowest metabolic diversity of microbial communities and their respiration activity was found out in the variant with mineral fertilizer. On the other hand, the increase of functional diversity of microorganisms, their respiration activity and the number of cultivable bacteria was found in the variant with mineral fertilization and straw incorporation as well as in the variant with mineral fertilization and straw and organic fertiliser Veget® incorporation.

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our study is premised on the hypothesis that external debt has both positive and negative implications on welfare within the region. Therefore, to generate any testable hypotheses about the direction of the effects of external debt and capital flight

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. coli strains carrying the CTX-M β-lactamase are often associated with co-resistance to other antibiotic classes. The ever-increasing rate of resistance to antibiotics in UPEC is worrisome, as this has a lot of negative implications on the therapeutic

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. 2012 ) and employee ownership in Central Eastern Europe (e.g., Uvalic – Vaughan-Whitehead 1997; FitzRoy et al. 1998 ). With the start of transition in Eastern Europe, Mario raised his voice against simplistic generalizations regarding the negative

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negative implications for a majority of healthy game users. In addition to classification, understanding a disease’s natural course is fundamental to evaluating its epidemiology ( Bhopal, 2008 ) and treatment ( Porta, 2014 ). In a review of

Open access