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Abstract  

The need for more efficient and 'greener' flame retardants for polymeric materials is ever present and of increasing intensity as regulatory agencies continue to display concern about the environmental impact of traditional materials. Compounds capable of multiple modes of action would be particularly desirable. Compounds containing both bromine (for good gas-phase activity) and nitrogen (to promote solid-phase activity) should be good candidates for development as flame retardant agents. A series of 2,4,6-tri[(bromo)xanilino]-1,3,5-triazines have been synthesized and characterized spectroscopically. The degradation characteristics of these compounds have been examined using thermogravimetry. They undergo step-wise decomposition beginning at about 400C.

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The thermal behaviours of untreated cellulose (cotton) and samples treated with phosphorus and nitrogen-containing flame-retardants have been studied by means of the derivatograph and quantitative DTA, with the aim of revealing the advantageous features of thermal analysis in the investigation of the flame-retardation of cellulose substrates. The complex thermoanalytical method applied proved to be suitable for the investigation of the efficiency of flame-retardation in parallel with the oxygen index method and the determination of the phosphorus content of the sample. The efficiencies obtained with different methods are in correlation.

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