During most of the Soviet era, it was considered ideologically suspect — and anti-nationalistic — to perform, compose, or study any kind of sacred music. How some composers who identified with Orthodoxy conveyed their spirituality through their art in spite of official prohibitions illuminates an interesting way of expressing Russian identity through heritage revival. This paper explores a unique compositional technique that bridged liturgical experience and the concert stage by means of a rather calculated but inspired methodology that expanded the znamenny chant structure into a 12-tone row. Starting with his Polyphonic Concerto (1969), composer Yuriy Butsko (1938–2015) successfully adapted the old chant to modern times while preserving its religious meaning. “Butsko’s row” indigenized a transnational compositional technique (dodecaphony) by kneading principles of Russian chant scale into its core. In the midst of the Cold War a Russian composer reached out to the world by globalizing an inherent pre-Soviet musical element. At the time (though seemingly without any explicit intent on the part of the composer) this could be considered a non-conformist gesture against the regime. Paradoxically, however, Butsko’s system marked his desire to validate his music as a legitimate means of the Russian national representation. Butsko’s utilization of the znamenny chant could have supported the state, had the state patronized the Orthodoxy.
Today it is a platitude in aesthetics that appreciable litterature is supposed to be innovative and non-conform to the existing aesthetic noms. In his essay, Mr Giulani attempts to comprehend how the literature of French Classicism managed to prosper and maintain its fertility following aesthetic of convenance, that is, a system which exludes all kinds of resistence to established norms and principles.
Krebs G., Henneron T., Clénet S., Buhan Y. L. Overlapping finite elements used to connect non-conforming meshes in 3D with a vector potential formulation, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics , Vol. 47, No. 5, 2011, pp. 1218
Authors:Gregory A. Price, Debasis Mallik, and Michael G. Organ
and reject non-conforming materials which can be temporarily held in compartmentalized confinement (e.g., a loop) until an analytical confirmation is received from the computer-controlled analytical platform [ 29 ]. To prevent or limit rejects and
Authors:Mohamed Ali Gorsane, Michel Reynaud, Jean-Luc Vénisse, Cindy Legauffre, Marc Valleur, David Magalon, Mélina Fatséas, Isabelle Chéreau-Boudet, Alice Guilleux, JEU Group, Gaëlle Challet-Bouju, and Marie Grall-Bronnec
Addictive gambling behavior
Risk motivation Impulsiveness Emotionality Global mental stress Non-conform social orientation
Meyer and Fabian ( 1992 )
perspective regarding audience impact – was that it was an extremely accessible production. And especially because of the sponsors, there were a lot of ordinary people who were non-conforming opera-goers. The queen was present for one of the performances, and