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Within a 300 x 600 m complex heterogeneous sodic grassland two techniques were compared for assessing soil salinity. The standard technique is based on repeated field instrumental measurements at 420 points. The alternative technique was performed with the use of numerical simulation of salt accumulation carried out on 3 profiles. These profiles have been selected as representatives of the distinct classes, or map strata of salt accumulation, distinguished with preliminary statistical clustering of the instrumental measuring points. Simulated values were extrapolated for the 3 strata distinguished. The maps obtained with the two techniques were statistically correlated. The use of numerical simulation is cost-effective. Further improvements are expected from a combination of improved numerical simulation and utilization of more strata.

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C. , A. Stratan , A. Ciutină , D. Dubină , Numerical simulation of the cyclic loading for welded beam-to-CFT column joints of dual-steel frames , Pollack Periodica , Vol. 7 , No. 2 , 2012 , pp. 35 – 46

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Numeric simulation of epoxy cure in molds

Kinetic parameters from microcalorimetry

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Ch. Irrgang and J. Vogt

Thermodynamic and kinetic parameters have been determined suitable for the numerical simulation of the curing reaction of the epoxy/anhydride based casting resin system Araldite CY 225/HY 225/filler. In particular, the decisive role of the heating rate on the evaluation of the kinetic parameters from dynamic DSC-experiments is discussed.

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Interventional Medicine and Applied Science
Authors: Róbert Bordás, Santhosh Seshadhri, Gábor Janiga, Martin Skalej, and Dominique Thévenin

Numerical simulation and Experimental Validation in an Exact Aortic Arch Aneurysm Model. In 4th European Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering Springer Antwerp, Belgium

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Dual-steel structural systems, in which mild carbon steel is used in dissipative members while high strength steel is used in non-dissipative ‘elastic’ members, can be very reliable and cost efficient. Because present seismic design codes do not cover this specific configuration, a research project started with the aim to investigate and evaluate the seismic performance of dual-steel building frames. The frames are considered to be moment resisting frames, dual concentrically braced frames and dual eccentrically braced frames. The paper makes a short description of the research project and the experimental program to be performed at the ‘Politehnica’ University of Timisoara.A number of numerical simulations have been performed for the beam-to-column joints that will be tested with the aim to assess their behavior under monotonic as well as cyclic loading. The material model used in the numerical simulations was calibrated based on the results from tensile tests. The assumptions considered in the modeling of the specimens, the loading procedure, as well as the results from the numerical analysis are finally presented.

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Abstract

In order to study the temperature changing rule of the crude oil in the storage tank, the wavelet finite element method, the traditional finite element method and the test were used to carry out the numerical simulation. Firstly, the thermal wavelet finite element was put forward established based on thermal finite element theory and the wavelet theory. And the computational model and three boundary conditions were established. And then the temperature changing rule of the crude oil in the storage tank in 24 h for three boundary conditions was obtained by using three methods, and the results showed that the wavelet finite element method had advantages in the numerical analysis of the temperature changing rule of the crude oil in the storage. And then the temperature distribution rule of the crude oil in the storage tank under different conditions in 5 h was obtained. And the temperature changing mechanism of the crude oil was summarized finally.

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Eccentrically braced frames are widely used as lateral-force resisting system for multi-storey buildings located in seismic areas. Capacity design principles used in modern seismic design codes are deemed to constrain plastic deformations to dissipative elements only, which in eccentrically braced frames are represented by links. The aim of using these frames is to reduce the repair costs and downtime of a structure hit by an earthquake. This objective is to be attained through removable dissipative members (bolted links) and re-centering capability of the structure. Numerical studies are performed in order to investigate the practical feasibility of the replacement procedure; analyzing dual frames obtained by combining steel eccentrically braced frames with removable bolted links with moment resisting frames. Practical solutions regarding order in which bolted links need to be replaced are proposed, as well as the mounting of some temporary tie braces, for safety measures during the link removal procedure.

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Notable clustering effects in seismic activity are observed at the sharp bend of the South-Eastern Carpathians both at subcrustal and crustal domains. The seismic energy release is strongly increasing with depth, where apparently the principal source controlling the geodynamics of the entire system is located. New developments of instrumental monitoring and relatively extended historical data spanning several seismic cycles in Vrancea allow refined analyses of earthquake patterns, outlining high-resolution images of specific alignments of seismicity in the Vrancea region. Refined joint locations are carried out for the most recent earthquakes, produced after 1995. In parallel, a new approach has been implemented to produce numerical simulations of the Vrancea seismic cycle and to reproduce its main characteristics: return period, main shock magnitude, depth location, non-linear frequency-magnitude distribution, aftershock activity and their variability from one cycle to other.

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Abstract  

The conservation equations for particulate systems were utilized to investigate the fluid-dynamic behavior of a gas-solid mixture flowing along a vertical tube (riser) in a simplified model of a pilot catalytic cracking unit. Nuclear techniques were utilized for the determination of the flow parameters along the riser. The results show a satisfactory agreement between the theoretical data and those obtained by experimental tests.

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Thermal bridging caused by exposed concrete balcony slab is a major source of heat loss through energy efficient building envelopes. Moreover, thermal bridging can also create moisture management and indoor comfort challenges. Numerous investigations have been carried out to reduce heat transmittance through exterior building envelopes and minimize the energy use in buildings. The most effective way to minimize heat transmittance of exposed concrete balcony slabs is to thermally separate the exterior structure from the interior structure using thermal breaks. To enhance thermal separation, this paper investigates the effects of replacing high conductive materials such as reinforced concrete or structural steel with a multilayer composition of high-performance hybrid insulating systems. Reinforcing bars, such as fiber reinforced plastics (FRPs), having lower thermal conductivity than steel are used to connect interior to exterior and transfer loads. Numerical simulation tool THERM is used to study the effects of thermal breaks on energy performance of the concrete slab balcony joints. Simulation results indicate significant thermal performance improvement while high-performance hybrid insulating systems were used for exposed concrete balcony slab constructions, compared to traditional insulating systems used in similar constructions

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