Authors:Mohammad Reza Ganjali Bonjar, Bálint Baranyai, Kristóf Roland Horváth, and István Kistelegdi
1 Introduction Office buildings, including laboratories represent the second most common building type after the residential sector [ 1 ]. In terms of sustainability, the characteristic problem of these buildings occurs in high energy demand due to
Authors:Mohammad Reza Ganjali Bonjar, Kristóf Roland Horváth, Bálint Baranyai, and István Kistelegdi
1 Introduction The worldwide largest share on public building sector comprises office buildings with high energy demand and, as a concomitant phenomenon, indoor visual and thermal discomfort. The cooling demand is decisively high; due to offices
The importance of alternative office spaces for more productivity and space efficiency has been analyzed: the way of usage as it was common in the past decades and how new technologies and decreasing productivity in the tertiary and quaternary sector urge intervention in the traditional structures and hierarchies to attain top competitiveness. The paper takes the form of a literature review, considering the history and functionality of the work environment and its widening scope to consider how it would be possible to use the existing office buildings more sustainable, healthier by having more productive workplaces at the same time.
Building of a yearlong anthropological fieldwork inside the South Sudanese citizenship office, the paper elaborates the topic of the negotiated statehood through an analysis of the flexibility of kinship. As almost nobody in South Sudan posses genuine birth certificates, the new country struggles to verify the citizenship-applicants, and recognise the fraudulent applications. South Sudan introduced an ethnicity and kinship-based system. Each and every applicant has to arrive with a ‘next of kin’, an elder, blood-relative, to verify her life-story. These debates between verification officers and applicants open up a new space for kinship studies. The paper concludes, that nevertheless the continued flexibility of the meaning of kinship these situations cannot be understood without the normative basis of kinship.
Building envelopes have a significant role in the protection of interiors against weather conditions. While wind, rain barriers and barriers against excessive heat gains were constructed from insufficient elements in the past, the current requirements for envelope functions are different. New materials and technologies allow for more complex design and evaluation of parameters in regard to the needs of occupants and economical interior performance.
This paper is focused on the daylighting solutions inside lit office space in which renovation of the lighting system is expected. Several retrofit scenarios based on window shading variations and lighting systems are investigated. Achieved results are evaluated from the point of view of energy demand. The integrative multi-platform tool, the Lighting Retrofit Adviser (LRA) is applied to calculate energy renovation preferences and to accept decision.