The dynamics of SO2 emission during thermooxidation of Estonian oil shale, its semicoke, different samples of coal and their mixtures, as well
as the influence of Estonian oil shale ash addition (for modelling the CFBC process) on the dynamics were studied. The experiments
were carried out with thermogravimetric equipment under dynamic heating conditions (5 K min-1) in the atmosphere of dried air, with simultaneous gastitrimetric EGA.
It was established that SO2 emission from the fuels started at 200-320C. Depending on the form of sulphur (organic, pyritic, sulphate), the emission
took place in two or three steps, and continued up to 580-650C, during which 35-75% of the total sulphur was emitted into
the gaseous phase. Regulating the mole ratio of free CaO/S in the mixtures of fuels with oil shale ash addition the emission
of SO2 ceased abruptly at 460-540C and it was limited to the level of 7-30%.
The results obtained by studying decarbonization of different samples of Estonian limestone and dolomite and the following
sulphation or carbonation of calcined products to estimate their SO2 and CO2 binding ability were presented. Experiments were
carried out with thermogravimetric equipment(Q-Derivatograph, MOM and Labsys™, SETARAM) – calcination of the samples in the
atmosphere of air with the heating rate 10 K per minute using multiplate crucibles, the following sulphation or carbonation
of the calcined products after cooling to the fixed temperature (temperature range 400–900C) under isothermal conditions
in the flow of air-SO2 or air-CO2 mixture. Chemical, X-ray, BET nitrogen dynamic desorption, etc. methods for the characterization of the initial samples,
intermediate and final products were used.
In addition, the possibilities of recurrent use of oil shale ashes taken from different technological points at operating
thermal power plants (Estonian and Baltic TTPs, Estonia) as sorbents for SO2 binding from gaseous phase were studied, as well as the possibilities of activation of these ashes towards SO2 binding.
The results of these studies confirmed the high reactivity of Estonian limestone and dolomite towards SO2 and CO2. Dependence of SO2 binding mechanism on the SO2 concentration has been established. Modelling of SO2 capture of dolomite and limestone was carried out to establish the kinetic parameters of these processes. The possibilities
of activation of oil shale ashes and their effective recurrent use for binding SO2 and CO2 from gaseous phase were confirmed.
Authors:T. Kaljuvee, A. Trikkel, R. Kuusik, and V. Bender
Summary The results of investigation of MgO participation in the binding of SO2 with lime-containing materials as sorbents are presented. Experiments of SO2 binding into solid phase using model samples of reactive grade MgO and CaO varying the mole ratio of MgO/CaO from 9:1 to 1:9 were carried out. Besides, dolomite and limestone samples with different MgO/CaO mole ratio (from 1.24 to 0.13) and samples of ashes formed at combustion of Estonian oil shale (containing 35-40% of carbonates) and its semicoke were studied Initial samples, intermediate and final products were subjected to chemical, IR-spectroscopy, X-ray and BET specific surface area analyses. The results of the present study confirmed the active participation of MgO in the binding of SO2 into the solid phase. In addition to CaSO4 the formation of Ca,Mg-double sulphate CaMg3(SO4)4 and ß-MgSO4 was observed. The presence of CaMg3(SO4)4 was fixed in a large temperature range 400-900°C and that of ß-MgSO4 in between 500-700°C. The optimum temperature range for formation and durability of CaMg3(SO4)4 was 700-800°C.
Authors:X. X. Han, X. M. Jiang, Z. G. Cui, J. W. Yan, and J. G. Liu
residual organics. Thus, a new comprehensive utilization system of oil shale was recently proposed for shale oil production, electricity generation, oilshaleash utilization, economical efficiency, and environmental protection [ 6 , 7 ]. Compared with