benefits of the social security system will have a negative impact on the financial stability of the social security system. This, in turn, can lead to problems of poverty among the vulnerable, especially olderpeople. Therefore, how to prepare and cope
Authors:Éva Kovács, Réka Laura Erdős, Anna Niké Petridisz, Franciska Rozs and András Simon
Zijlstra GA, van Haastregt JC, van Eijk JT, et al. Prevalence and
correlates of fear of falling, and associated avoidance of activity in the
general population of community-living olderpeople. Age
Authors:R.L. ErdŐs, I. Jónásné Sztruhár, A. Simon and É. Kovács
most effective if we involve olderpeople at risk as early as possible [ 5 ]. For this purpose, we need to be aware how postural control can be assessed. With the help of the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), both the static and dynamic components of postural
aspiration should be considered as an important sampling procedure in the differential diagnostics of upper UTIs, particularly in children <2 years of age (where conventional sampling methods may prove ineffective), in olderpeople, hospitalized patients, or
The paper provides a brief description of the Active Ageing Index (AAI). This indicator, introduced in 2012, aims to measure the potential of older people for active and healthy ageing. The indicator is constructed from European Union survey data, and these results are weighted with coefficients determined by experts. One of the variables from the surveys measures the proportion of older people using the internet at least once a week. We argue that such regular internet usage does not show too much variation in this era of the ubiquitous internet, so a more sophisticated definition of internet usage must be taken into consideration. Our discussion contains three different AAI variants: the original expert-based, the Djurovic et al. (2017) I-distance indicator, and our factor-based index.
This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of Demodex mites in eyelashes of people from different places from Oaxaca. One thousand and ten patients underwent epilation of eight eyelashes from each eye and they were processed to search Demodex which was found in 208 (20%) of the patients and among them male was more affected than female, 119 (57%) and 89 (43%), respectively. There was not found a relationship between clinical manifestations among these patients since 101 (49%) and 107 (51%) of them were symptomatic and asymptomatic, respectively. The range of age that was more affected was 96–105 (100%), followed by 86–95 (75%) and 76–85 (64%) years old. The less affected were individuals of 15–25 years old (11%). Demodex folliculorum was relatively high in the eyelashes of individuals in young and old people in the rural region studied. These people are generally the most vulnerable patients because they live in overcrowded conditions and poor hygiene which facilitates the direct infection. Demodex brevis was found in only one sample.
Authors:M. Michalis, K.J. Finn, R. Podstawski, S. Gabnai, Á. Koller, A. Cziráki, M. Szántó, Z. Alföldi and F. Ihász
Within recent years the popularity of sportive activities amongst older people, particularly competitive activities within certain age groups has increased. The purpose of this study was to assess the differences in the cardiorespiratory output at anaerobic threshold and at maximal power, output during an incremental exercise, among senior and young athletes. Ten elderly male subjects [mean (SD) age: 68.45 ± 9.32 years] and eight young male subjects [mean (SD) age: 25.87 ± 5.87 years] performed an incremental exercise test on a treadmill ergometer. No significant differences in body size were evident; however, the differences between the groups for peak power (451.62 ± 49 vs. 172.4 ± 32.2 W), aerobic capacity (57.97 ± 7.5 vs. 40.36 ± 8.6 mL kg−1 min−1), maximal heart rate (190.87 ± 9.2 vs. 158.5 ± 9.1 beats min−1), peak blood lactate (11 ± 1.7 vs. 7.3 ± 1.4 mmol L−1), and % VO2max at ventilatory thresholds (93.18 ± 4.3 vs. 79.29 ± 9.9%) were significantly lower in the senior athletes. The power output at anaerobic threshold was also higher (392 ± 48 vs. 151 ± 23 W) in the young athletes, explaining the significant difference in terms of performance between these groups. We have observed an evident deterioration in some of the cardiovascular parameters; however, the submaximal exercise economy seems to be preserved with aging. Exercise economy (i.e. metabolic cost of sustained submaximal exercise) was not different considerably with age in endurance-trained adults.