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–5 Prato (= A.L. 237. 3–5 Riese) ; Her. O. 1576–1579. 6 GUILLEMIN, A. : L’imitation dans les littératures antiques et en particulier dans la littérature latine. RÉL 2 (1924) 35–57. 7 WILLIAMS, G. : Tradition and Originality in Roman Poetry. Oxford 1968, 250

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The distinction between aesthetic and commercial value emerged in the later eighteenth century under the conditions of an emerging market for literature and music. Such a distinction was sharply pronounced in North German debate on music, especially concerning the “elitist” fantasia and the “populist” rondo. While Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach would pay lip service to the sharp reprobation of Forkel or Reichardt concerning commercialisation of music, he would nonetheless act as a businessman when it came to selling his music. Joseph Haydn and his Austrian contemporaries, on the other hand, seem to have had much less reservations concerning the idea of music as commodity; indeed, one could argue that Haydn consciously used his trade-marks like “originality” or “wit and humour” as a kind of branding. Commercial success, after all, allowed a composer to get a response from an otherwise anonymous and silent public. The issues at stake are exemplified by a comparison of two important piano pieces which combine elements of fantasia and rondo form: C. P. E. Bach’s Fantasia in C major, H. 291/Wq. 61,6, and Haydn’s Fantasia in C major, Hob. XVII:4.

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The rapid advance of science technology and civilization has resulted in people’s activities being more complicated as various new problems are likely to occur at any time. Problem-solving abilities therefore become a basic competence to survive in modern societies. In the problem-solving process, the development of creativity is required to break through dilemmas. School education aims to cultivate students’ decision-making and problem-solving competence. Nonetheless, the educational approaches and contents in Taiwan stress too much on mastery learning, and ignore the development of curiosity and creative potential.

Aiming at the students in the department of business management in national universities in Taiwan, total 300 copies of questionnaires are distributed, and 187 valid copies are retrieved, with the retrieval rate 62%, in which each retrieved copy is regarded as a valid sample. The research findings show that Curriculum Design presents partially positive effects on Fluency, Flexibility, Originality, and Elaboration in Creative Potential Developing and Background Variables reveal significant moderating effects on the correlations between Curriculum Design and Creative Potential Developing.

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Az előadás bemutatja az empirikus kreativitáskutatás beindulásának nemzetközi előzményeit, motívumait, vezéralakjait és történelmi atmoszféráját. Részletesen elemzi a nemzetközitől lényegesen eltérő hazai állapotokat és áttekinti az 1959 és 2009 közötti kreativitással kapcsolatos hazai empirikus kutatásokat, kiemelten a hazai kreativitáskutatás kezdeteire koncentrálva. Bibliográfiai statisztikára alapozva elemzi az elmúlt 50 év publikációs termését a kreativitás terén.

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and which had been stored in the subconscious terrains of the brain and the soul. This belief underscores the musical creativity in davenen . In the realization of prayer chant, memory and creativity, originality and tradition, copying and innovation

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Scientometrics
Authors: Yu. Granovsky, T. Luibimova, T. Murashova, and V. Myatlev

Abstract  

A method of information-based evaluation of the quality of doctoral theses has been worked out. It is based on a multidimensional classification system which includes: a list of attributes to characterize the given theses and their authors; singling out the most significant attributes; calculating a complex criterion showing the quality of a thesis on the basis of a series of significant attributes; ranging the theses according to this criterion. This method was used to evaluate 36 doctoral theses in chemistry according to 41 attributes considered. Four main attributes were singled out. Based on them a complex quality criterion which we termed the originality index was calculated. The values of the originality index of these theses differed by an order of magnitude. Two attributes affecting the index of originality were singled out: the place where the thesis was prepared, and the fact whether the author had any papers published in non-Academy journals (journals not published by the USSR Academy of Sciences).

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In his Latin translation of Plato's Letter VII 326b-c Leonardo Bruni used the already existing translation of the passage made by Cicero. The paper shows how the Florentine humanist treated the version of his master: he reproduced it with slight modifications caused by his desire for originality.

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placement supports the entheogenic hypothesis. While the presence of multiple fungi and plant sources for soma seems likely, the argument for the originality of A. muscaria is made in assessing the principal names of the God Vishnu with respect to

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It has been suggested that literary history focused on reception can resolve the tension between aesthetic and historical criteria, especially if we concede that the concept of originality is deeply unstable and has both historical and aesthetic implications. The turn from impact to reception can be seen as a consequence of the fact that the ideal of the immanence of the self-contained work of art has fallen into disrepute. It is quite possible that a national literature does not lend itself as a subject to narrative history, just as the identity of an author's output or the continuity of the history of a genre can be questioned.

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