): Nonmonetary Steady States in Stationary OverlappingGenerations Models with Long Lived Agents and Discounting: Multiplicity, Optimality, and Consumption Smoothing. Journal of Economic Theory , 45:102-127.
Nonmonetary Steady States in
Authors:G. Jenser, Éva Szita, Ágnes Szénási, G. Vörös and M. Tóth
Among the blue, green, fluorescent yellow, red, white and yellow coloured sticky traps the fluorescent yellow caught greatest number of both females and males of the vine trips
followed by yellow. Other colours caught negligible numbers. Fluorescent yellow sticky traps proved to be suitable for the monitoring of the flight activity of the vine thrips during the vegetative season. Both females and males immigrated in high number to the vineyards throughout the vegetation period. Based on trends of catches of the males the species develops presumably threes or four overlapping generations in a year under the climatic conditions of Hungary. The fluorescent yellow sticky traps tested in the present study may offer an usable tool for detection and monitoring of this pest.
Authors:S. Awadalla, M. Bayoumy, M. Khattab and A. Abdel-Wahab
Accurate prediction of insect development and emergence is essential for effective pest management, but can be quite challenging. Pesticide application must be timed precisely to maximize effectiveness and minimize the number required. Temperature-dependent development of the cotton whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, B biotype was examined on two host plants (cotton and eggplant) at three temperatures (20 °C, 25 °C, and 35 °C). Developmental rate was faster on eggplant than cotton, however it did not alter for egg and pupal stages on both hosts, but for nymphal stage it did. The statistically estimated lower developmental threshold (T0) for the total development (egg — adult) of B. tabaci was 11.94 °C and 12.33 °C on cotton and eggplant, respectively. Based on lower threshold estimation, the average heat units (dd’s) required for total development on cotton and eggplant were 299.1 and 313.3, respectively. Field data obtained from both leaf samples and yellow sticky traps for each host plant during growing seasons 2012 and 2013 were linked to lab estimation of heat units. Daily heat units (i.e., 299.1 and 313.3 dd’s) were accumulatively counted to test their accuracy in matching the field peaks of the target pest as a predictive tool. On both host plants, our estimation for thermal units (degree-days) from lab estimation is adjusted that of field populations with deviation ranged from zero to four days either before or after the apex. However, there were some false estimations which did not intersect with the peaks of abundance. This may be because the overlapping generations sometimes creates false peaks. The accumulative counts of thermal units were more correlated to yellow sticky trap catches than leaf sample data. Accordingly, degree-days could be recommended to use as a predictive tool for Bemisia flight activity in the field.