This short notification tries to examine the two remained fragments of a Greek magical cryptographic papyrus (POsl III, 75, and PMich inv. 534) from new aspects. Regarding the characters of the cryptographic alphabet used in the text, it seems plausible that Greek music notation had a significant effect on the development of the cipher, as far as the transformation methods are concerned. The next section draws attention not only to the uncertain parts of the present transcription but also to the problematic points of Karl Preisendanz's interpretation of the whole magic spell. It also implies a new interpretation, which does not assume that the author “confused” the names of Typhon and Osiris but suggests that the spell is addressed to much more vicious powers than Isis.
The paper examines the possible interrelations between the archeological context of the Derveni papyrus and the physical and eschatological doctrines held by its author. On the basis of a brief survey of the archeological data and the comparative material, Betegh argues that the placement of the papyrus is not by chance and that it probably had a role in the ritual. In the next step, he summarises the main results of a reconstruction of the physics and cosmology of the Derveni author, and raises the problem of the connection between the eschatological theme of the first six columns and the physics and cosmic theology of the remainder of the text. Finally, he suggests that the common denominator of all these themes, doctrines and lores is the fire with its cosmological and eschatological role. In this respect, an important claim of the Derveni author could be that the ultimate cosmological and eschatological principle is not fire, as e.g., for Heraclitus, quoted in the papyrus, but fire - in the form of the celestial bodies, the thunderbolt of Zeus, or the funeral pyre - is the instrument with the help of which the intelligent and divine air maintains cosmic order and divine justice.
This paper reveals the vicissitudinous history of the Athenogenes-papyrus and its edition by Eugène Revillout and other scholars. By reconstructing the sequence of events between 1888 and 1893 one can get a convincing explanation of disturbing features in the frames containing the papyrus fragments. Slight misallocations and dislocations due to the rushed final fixing had far reaching consequences in later editions of the famous Hyperides text until now. One of the most important new readings of the Athenogenes-speech partly due to the investigation of the first editions is given in the Appendix (Hyp.
. col. XVI. line 1).
The analysis of three
small hieratic papyrus fragments coming from a secondary burial place (Tomb B)
in the outer courtyard of TT 32 shows that the otherwise rare custom of
attaching the papyrus to the outer surfaces of mummy linen via a resinous
substance was not only occurring in Ptolemaic Akhmim but is thus attested in
The papyrus letters from an early Christian environment have always attracted the papyrologists’ attention. This paper presents a new, so far inedited piece from the Laurenziana Collection of Florence. Although the papyrus is badly mutilated and incomplete, besides the transcription, a partial and very hypothetical restoration of the content and the context can be attempted. According to my interpretation the writer gives an account of a speech held by the deacon Stephan, which may echo verses from the Letter of James (James 2.2–6). If its date based on paleographical considerations (3rd–4th c.) is correct, the papyrus might even refer to the city of Arkadia on Crete, although a dating into the 5th c. and an interpretation of the name as the eparchy of Arkadia in Egypt cannot be excluded. Despite all difficulties the papyrus represents a new, surely Christian letter with a possible Biblical echo. This paper, however, is not the critical edition of the text, which is to be prepared in a forthcoming article; its only intention is to present the papyrus with its problems and propose a possible reading of the text.
Description and discussion of a Greek papyrus letter from 3rd-century BC Egypt. The format, the spelling mistakes, the thickness of the strokes and the ductus of the hand suggest that this Greek letter was written by a native Egyptian using an Egyptian rush pen.
The famous Zagreb
Mummy, on whose linen wrappings the longest known Etruscan text called Liber
linteus Zagrebiensis (“The linen book of Zagreb”) was written, came to the
Archaeological museum Zagreb together with an Egyptian papyrus containing
fragmental texts of The Book of the Dead. For almost 160 years experts have
been trying to answer the questions of the relation of this Egyptian mummy to
the Etruscan text. The Papyrus Zagreb 602 written in hieratic script is one of
the important traces in this research. It is in good condition and many small
fragments are almost impossible to put together, but the vignette with the
names of two persons to whom it was dedicated is preserved. The text reveals
that the priest of the god Khnum, the nobleman Perekh-Khons was buried together
with his wife Nesi-Khons probably in Upper Egypt during the end of the Late or
in the Ptolemaic period. The date generally fits to the C 14 dating of the
mummy, but no other data taken from it points to the assumption that the mummy
was the woman called Nesi-Khons.
Description and discussion of a papyrus document from Egypt dated to 191 BC, containing a Greek petition to an official of the
. The subject of the petition is a dispute between a group of
transporting royal grain on the Nile and some
concerning payment of the τɛτάρτη τω̂ν ναύλων. The
complain that the
unjustifiably and unlawfully demand money from them.
limitative to consider wood, waterlogged or not, papyrus and paper and do not include other materials such as textiles, canvases, paint wooden panels, which have often comparable conservation problems. The author will limit the present paper to a discussion