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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Ottó Szenci, Kamal Touati, Noelita Melo De Sousa, Jean-Luc Hornick, Gijsbert Cornelis Van der Weyden, Marcel Antonie Marie Taverne, and Jean-François Beckers

a daily basis, usually between 8:00 and 12:00 a.m. until parturition ( Fig. 15 ). Strict aseptic procedures were used at each sampling. In most cases, fetal samples could be withdrawn. However, in some days, blood samples could not be withdrawn

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors: S. Younes, Márta Csire, Bernadett Pályi, G. Mikala, I. Vályi-Nagy, I. Cseh, Márta Benczik, Cs. Jeney, T. Takács, Éva Simon, V. Fülöp, G. Berencsi, Gy. Fekete, and Mária Visy

Pregnant women were examined following healthy pregnancies at term. Amniotic fluids were sampled before arteficial rupture of membranes using closed vacutainer system. Blood samples were also taken from the pregnants simultaneously.Endotoxin concentrations of amniotic fluids were tested by the semiquantitative Limulus amebocyte lysate. Both amniotic fluids and blood samples were tested for the presence of DNA of lymphotropic human herpesviruses. The DNA of human papillomaviruses were tested only in the amniotic fluid samples.One-third of the amniotic fluids tested were found to contain measurable amounts of endotoxin. Lymphotropic herpesvirus DNA was deteced in every fourth amniotic fluid sample and in every 8 th blood sample. The prevalence of papillomaviruses was 7 of 96 samples.No significant correlation was found between the presence of endotoxin and viruses in the amniotic fluids. Epstein-Barr virus, human cytomegalovirus and human herpesvirus type 7 were found more frequently in the amniotic fluids than in blood samples (7 to 1). The prevalence of human herpesvirus 6 and 8 was higher in the blood samples than that in the amniotic fluids.The mean weight of the neonates were not impaired significantly by the presence of either viruses or endotoxin. Possible post partum consequences, i.e. partial immunotolerance to viruses is discussed.

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Challis, J. R. G. and Lye, S. J. (1994): Parturition. In: Knobil, E. and Neil, J. D. (eds) The Physiology of Reproduction. Second Edition, Raven Press, New York, pp. 985

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. , Batista , M. , Bruckmaier , R. M. and Argüello , A. ( 2011 ): Effects of induced parturition in goats on immunoglobulin G and chitotriosidase activity in colostrum and plasma and on plasma concentrations of prolactin . Domest. Anim. Endocrinol. 40

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parturition. In: Arthur, G. H., Noakes, D. E. and Pearson, H. (eds) Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. Bailliere-Tindall, London. pp. 268-282. Injures and diseases incidental to parturition

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Nikitas Prassinos, Katerina Adamama-Moraitou, Haralabos Ververidis, Tilemachos Anagnostou, and Stefanos Kladakis

Linde-Forsberg, C. and Eneroth, A. (1998): Parturition. In: Simpson, G. M.: Manual of Small Animal Reproduction and Neonatology. British Small Anim, Vet. Assoc., Gloucester. pp. 127–142. Eneroth A

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Sabine Schäfer-Somi, Okan Ali Aksoy, Osman Ergene, Isfendiyar Darbaz, Kurt R. Herkner, and Selim Aslan

estrogen, LH and progesterone . Biol. Reprod. 13 , 112 – 121 . Concannon , P. W. , Powers , M. E. , Holder , W. and Hansel , W. ( 1977 ): Pregnancy and parturition in the bitch

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endocrinology of ovulation, pregnancy and parturition in the dog. J. Reprod. Fertil. Suppl. 39 , 3--25. Biology and endocrinology of ovulation, pregnancy and parturition in the dog. J. Reprod. Fertil

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parturition and during lactation in dairy cows with high and low standard milk yields. J. Dairy Sci. 83 , 1773–1781. Wanner M. Biochemical markers of bone formation and resorption

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neutrophil in menstruation and parturition. Hum Reprod. 1994; 9: 253–258. 49 Barclay CG, Brennand JE, Kelly RW, et al. Interleukin-8 production by the human cervix. Am J Obstet

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