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Hacker, J., Blum-Oehler, G., Janke, B., Nagy, G., Goebel, W.: Pathogenicity islands of extraintestinal Escherichia coli . In: Kaper, J., Hacker, J. (eds): Pathogenicity islands and other mobile virulence

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Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) plays a key role in the evolution of bacterial pathogens. The exchange of genetic material supplies prokaryotes with several fitness traits enhancing their adaptive response to environmental changes. Pathogenicity islands (PAIs) represent an important and in most cases already immobilized subset of the different vehicles for HGT. Encoding several virulence factors PAIs represent a major contribution to bacterial pathogenicity. Nonetheless, the transfer mechanisms of PAIs still remain elusive. We summarise the currently available data regarding the major ways of genetic mobilisation with a focus on the transfer of the Yersinia High-Pathogenicity Island (HPI).

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. , Hacker , J. : Mobilisation and remobilisation of a large archetypal pathogenicity island of uropathogenic Escherichia coli in vitro support the role of conjugation for horizontal transfer of genomic islands . BMC Microbiol 11 , 210 ( 2011

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, Rieder G : Helicobacter pylori cag-pathogenicity island-dependent early immunological response triggers later precancerous gastric changes in Mongolian gerbils . PLoS One 4 ( 3 ), e4754 ( 2009 ) 8

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: Zsuzsanna Kiss, Judit Dobránszki, Ildikó Hudák, Zsuzsanna Birkó, G. Vargha, and S. Biró

, J. A., Cameron, K. D., Joshi, M. V., Bukhalid, R. A., Morello, J. E., Wach, M. J., Gibson, D. M., Loria, R. (2005) A large, mobile pathogenicity island confers plant pathogenicity on Streptomyces species. Mol. Microbiol. 55 , 1025

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Pathogenicity islands in bacterial pathogenesis Clin Microbiol Rev 17 14 – 56 . 61. C. Abril

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1421 1426 Gerlach, R. G., Cláudio, N., Rohde, M., Jäckel, D., Wagner, C., Hensel, M.: Cooperation of Salmonella pathogenicity islands 1 and 4 is required to breach. Epithelial

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. (1997) Versatile insertion plasmids for targeted genome manipulations in bacteria: isolation, deletion, and rescue of the pathogenicity island LEE of the Escherichia coli 0157:H7 genome. J. Bacteriol. 179 , 4426

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. , Schneider , G. , Olasz , F. , Blum- Oehler , G. , Hacker , J. H. and Nagy , B. ( 2003 ): Detection of a plasmid-encoded pathogenicity island in F18+ enterotoxigenic and verotoxigenic Escherichia coli from weaned pigs . Int. J. Med. Microbiol

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Acta Alimentaria
Authors: A. Castro, C. Palhau, S. Cunha, S. Camarinha, J. Silva, and P. Teixeira

pathogenicity islands (SaPI) and their superantigens combination of food samples . J. Microbiol. Meth. , 107 , 197 – 204 . Argudín , M.A. , Mendoza , M

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