, 2012 ), which may point to a link between addictive behaviors, impulsivity, and prenatal androgen exposure.
Previous work has not examined the relationship between 2D:4D ratios and problematic and pathologicalInternetuse (PPIU). Based on
PathologicalInternetUse Behavior Symptom Scale for Adults
Based on the cognitive model of pathologicalInternetuse by Davis ( 2001 ), Lee, Choi, Lee, Ban, and Lee ( 2007 ) developed this scale to measure
Introduction Internet use disorders (IUD), including both (Internet) gaming disorder (IGD) and non-gaming pathologicalInternetuse (ng-PIU), are new phenomena which have increasingly attracted the attention of both clinicians and researchers. In