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Jain, S.K., Bhardwaj, S.C., Prashar, M., Kumar, Subodh, Sharma, Y.P. 2008. Two new pathotypes 5R45 and 29R7 of Puccinia triticina from India. J. Mycol. Plant Pathol. 38 :123–125. Sharma Y

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References Ahmed , F. , Hossain , I. , Aminuzzaman , F.M. 2003 . Effect of different pathotypes of Bipolaris sorokiniana on spot blotch severity and yield

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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors: Olugbenga Adekunle Olowe, Suman Choudhary, Peter Schierack, Lothar H. Wieler, Olufunmilola Bamidele Makanjuola, Albert B. Olayemi, and Muna Anjum

. Mafura P. Slickers 2007 Pathotyping Escherichia coli by using miniaturized DNA microarrays Appl Environ Microbiol

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The new stem rust strain, Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici — Ug99, has been a rising threat since the alarm was rung in Uganda in 1998. The genetic and breeding dimensions of research against this disease include the development of vigorous molecular markers, the identification and introgression of multiple resistance genes, the translocation of alien chromosomes, the enrichment of breeding lines with crossability alleles and the development of interspecific hybrids. Resistance genes have been identified in the primary wheat gene pool and in alien sources such as Aegilops spp., Dasypyrum villosum, Secale cereale, Hordeum vulgare and Oryza spp. and some of these sources have been used to confer resistance as a function of single or multiple gene effects. Realizing the potential disaster if Ug99 and related variants break out in other regions, wheat-producing countries are characterizing their germplasm and improving their stem rust race tracking systems. Equally important is “appropriate genetic management”, i.e. the use of currently effective resistance genes in such a way that the evolution and adaptation of new virulence will be deterred. This review will summarize the recent research advances and future perspectives in setting effective genetic barriers vis-à-vis the seemingly intractable spread and evolution of Ug99.

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Manninger, K. (2000): Virulence survey of wheat leaf rust in Hungary: races/pathotypes in 1999. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica 35 , 421-428. Virulence survey of wheat leaf rust in Hungary: races/pathotypes in 1999

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. Pathotypes of Cochliobolus sativus (spot blotch) on barley in Syria. Journal of Plant Pathology 85 :193–196. Jawhar M. Pathotypes of Cochliobolus sativus (spot blotch) on barley

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la mosaique du tabac chez le piment. I. Apparition en France du Pathotype P1,2. Agronomie, 1(10), 853-858. Le virus de la mosaique du tabac chez le piment. I. Apparition en France du Pathotype P1

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Agnihotri, V. P. and Singh, K. (2002): Red rot of sugarcane epidemics and pathotype scenario. Int. Books Periodicals Supply Serv. pp. 151–161. Ali, M. E. K. and Warren, H. I. (1987): Physiological races of

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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors: Ali Konaté, René Dembélé, Assèta Kagambèga, Issiaka Soulama, Wendpoulomdé A. D. Kaboré, Emmanuel Sampo, Haoua Cissé, Antoine Sanou, Samuel Serme, Soumanaba Zongo, Cheikna Zongo, Alio Mahamadou Fody, Nathalie K. Guessennd, Alfred S. Traoré, Amy Gassama-Sow, and Nicolas Barro

-Garcia T , Lopez-Saucedo C , Thompson-Bonilla R , Abonce M , Lopez-Hernandez D , Santos JI , Rosado JL , DuPont HL , Long KZ : Association of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli pathotypes with infection and diarrhea among Mexican

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, F. , Robert , C. and Lannou , C. ( 2012 ): Variation in aggressiveness is detected among Puccinia triticina isolates of the same pathotype and clonal lineage in the adult plant stage . Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 134 , 733 – 743 . Radwan , O

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