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, Leda and João Veloso . 2016 . Phonological processes affecting vowels: Neutralization, harmony and nasalization . In W. L. Wetzels , S. Menuzzi and J. Costa (eds.) The handbook of Portuguese linguistics . Malden, MA & Oxford : Wiley

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This paper discusses automatic phonetic transcription to be applied in Hungarian speech recognition. It first deals with the basic technologies of automatic speech recognition (ASR) for the sake of readers not familiar with this scientific field, then it discusses the place of (automatic) phonetic transcription in ASR. After that, our method developed for transcribing Hungarian texts automatically is introduced. This technique is an extension of the traditional linear transcription approach; its output is called 'optioned' because it contains pronunciation options in parallel arcs. We present our experiences with promising improvements in recogniser training efficiency. The achievements are due to the application of deeper linguistic (phonological) knowledge. With the training technique developed not only the quality of the acoustic models can be enhanced, but also, at the same time, the amount of the required manual work can effectively be decreased.

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This paper aims to examine some aspects of the verbal inflectional endings found in a corpus of 9th-century legal documents produced in the Lombard duchy of Salerno, in the South of Italy. Compared to nominal inflection, verbal inflection endings display a stronger continuity with the Latin of previous stages. Nevertheless, different types of innovations are observable. On the basis of data from present indicative and subjunctive, two of them will be analysed: 1) innovative forms explicable in terms of well-known morpho-phonological processes and showing convergence with the Romance outcomes 2) innovative variants, that can be interpreted in different ways, diverging both from previous stages of the Latin and from the Romance outcomes. To interpret both these kinds of variation, a crucial role is played by external factors such as the cultural level of the authors of the documents and their capability to conform to the traditional linguistic models.

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During speaking, the mental lexicon is accessed (i) to select the necessary words, and (ii) to retrieve their phonological and syntactic patterns. However, the nature of real-time activation of words and phonological rules is largely unknown. In Hungarian, voicing assimilation is a relatively strong phonological process prevailing both within and across words. While a lot is known about its phonological nature as well as its phonetic outcome, the temporal patterns of its implementation during speech production have not been analyzed yet. This paper deals with the temporal coding of voicing assimilation (i) in language acquisition, (ii) in spontaneous speech (of subjects of various ages), and (iii) in repetition tasks. Results show that (i) by the age of 4 Hungarian-speaking children acquire this phonological rule without mistakes, (ii) in spontaneous speech successful voicing assimilation depends on certain time limits partly depending also on the total temporal organization of speech coding, and (iii) without the higher-level semantic and syntactic organization of speech (shadowing task), subjects are not able to plan the encoding of voicing assimilation processes as securely as they do in spontaneous speech.

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Acta Linguistica Academica
Authors: Katalin Balogné Bérces and Shanti Ulfsbjorninn

the implications for attested phonological processes and the linguistic architecture at the interfaces with phonology. Section one holds two overview papers surveying current models (Balogne Berces & Honeybone) and the role of precedence and

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phonological processing and reading. Journal Learn. Disabil., 27 , 276-286. Longitudinal studies of phonological processing and reading. Journal Learn. Disabil

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in phonological processing during tasks with orthographic demands . Brain Research , 1189 , 78 – 89 . 12. Cao , F. , Bitan , T. , Chou , T. L. , Burman , D. D. , Booth , J. R

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Wagner, R. K. , & Torgesen, J. K. (1987). The nature of phonological processing and its causal role in the acquisition of reading skills. Psychological Bulletin , 101 , 192–212. Torgesen J. K

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prefixes . In Zybatow et al. (2009, 383–396). Gribanova , Vera . 2015 . Exponence and morphosyntactically triggered phonological processes in the Russian verbal complex

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Donegan, Patricia J. 2002. Phonological processes and phonetic rules. In: Katarzyna Dziubalska-Kołaczyk — Jaroslaw Weckwerth (eds): Future challenges for natural linguistics, 57–81. Lincom, Munich. Donegan P. J

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