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. Gee-Clough and A. I. Mufti (1989) Performance Evaluation of an Enamel-Coated Mouldboard Plough. Agricultural Engineering Vol. 3, pp. 1633–1638, Land and Water Use, Dodd & Grace (eds.), Balkema, Rotterdam

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The description of the plough in the Kṛṣiparāśara has been a puzzle for generations of Sanskrit philologists. What especially pained me was the disfunctional character of this description: among the eight essential parts the ploughshare was missing. The turning up of an until now unknown manuscript from The Library of Congress has brought a basic change: it contains the expected reading phālikā “ploughshare” for pāśikā an otherwise meaningful term “rope” that could have been adjusted to the context only by rather strained explanations.The present paper throws light on the problems concerned in the textual tradition and offers a solution.

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The hero of new style “hospital ballads” is either the patient or a well-known, highly esteemed eye specialist or head surgeon of a regional hospital. In the ballads, he is usually a real historical person mentioned by name. On the basis of these data, it can be claimed that the ballads were composed in the 20s or 30s of the twentieth century. A fragmentary text, lacking real tragedy of ballads and interwoven with lyric elements, was collected in 1961 in Orosháza (Békés County, South-East Hungary). Some variants of the “hospital ballad” collected earlier and several other variants found later as well as similar pieces show that it must have been a well-known, popular folk poetry genre, at least in the eastern part of the Hungarian language area.

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being incorporated. One type of speed-working component is the mouldboard plow, which is designed to move the soil as it is being worked into the required soil type in a fraction of the time usually needed. This is proving to be an effective way of

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Turšić, I. (1994): Comparative investigation on different basic ploughing depths and nitrogen fertilizer rates for virginia tobacco. Agric. Conspec. Sci. , 59 , 5-20. Comparative

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Street) No. 1, where traces of a grave were found during plowing. During the rescue excavation three survey trenches were opened here 5 ( Fig. 2 ). The excavations revealed the remains of imperial buildings and three tombs of an Árpádian period cemetery

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. Bucsi , T. – Harrach , T. – Pető , Á. – Barczi , A. : 2008 . Soil micromorphology based evaluation of the level of soil compactness (A case study from a plough-land of a recultivated outcrop mine from Köln) . Cereal Res. Commun. 36 . 5 : 1231

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors:
Birgit Makoschey
,
Juan Muñoz Bielsa
,
Loïc Oliviero
,
Olivier Roy
,
Florence Pillet
,
Divine Dufe
,
Giorgio Valla
, and
Sandro Cavirani

The efficacy of an inactivated bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) — bovine parainfluenza type 3 (PI3) — Mannheimia haemolytica ( Mh ) combination vaccine was examined in two field studies. Calves were vaccinated (i) with the inactivated vaccine, (ii) a modified live/killed viral combination vaccine, or (iii) left unvaccinated. The efficacy of the vaccines was judged by the (i) number of treated animals, (ii) number of individual antibiotic treatments per calf and (iii) mortality rates. After vaccination with the inactivated vaccine, the number of calves requiring antibiotic treatment was significantly lower than in the unvaccinated group (odds ratios: 0.26 first study and 0.53 second study), but differences between vaccination with live/killed combination vaccines and controls were not significant (odds ratios: 0.56 and 0.90, respectively). In both studies, a number of unvaccinated controls died due to respiratory disease (4.6% first and 6.7% second study). By contrast, none of the animals vaccinated with the inactivated vaccine died in the first study and only 3.3% in the second study. The mortality rates for the groups vaccinated with the live vaccine (1.3% and 7.8%) were similar to the unvaccinated controls. In summary, these data demonstrate the efficacy of the inactivated vaccine under field conditions.

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Stockfisch, N., T. Forstreuter and W. Ehlers. 1999. Ploughing effects on soil organic matter after twenty years of conservation tillage in Lower Saxony, Germany. Soil Tillage Res. 52: 91–101. Ehlers W

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.) living mulch system. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 30. 281–293. Henderson, C. W. L., 1989. Lupins as a biological plough: evidence for and effects on wheat growth and yield. Australian Journal of Experimental

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