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Abstract  

This paper discusses the use of science indicators by public policy analysts with limited time and resources. Using the example of innovation policy, it describes what kind of policy relevant propositions can be extracted from science indicators and shows the inherent limits of indicators as instruments for policy making. It shows how science indicators can and must be combined with other sources to construct alternative strategies for decision making. It closes with a discussion of the use of science indicators in constructing consistent lines of argument and reasoning for making policy and for checking past policy.

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Acta Oeconomica
Authors:
Judit Krekó
,
Hanna Erős
,
Bori Greskovics
,
Áron Hajnal
, and
Ágota Scharle

-014-0809-7 . Krekó , J. – Erős , H. – Greskovics , B. – Hajnal , Á. – Lawson , A. – Scharle , Á. ( 2022 ): A magyar adórendszer újraelosztási hatásai (The Redistributive Effects of the Hungarian Tax System) . Budapest Institute for Policy Analysis

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Abstract  

The relation between bibliometrics and science policy remains underdeveloped. Relevance of new methods to produce indicators is easily claimed, but often without real insight in the policy processes. Drawing on experiences with the use of S&T indicators in science policy in the Netherlands and on principal-agent theory, I develop an analytical perspective which enbles to assess the role of S&T indicators in science policy. It is argue that the use of S&T indicators can only be understood well if one takes the socio-political context with its specific dynamics and rationalities into account.

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Harminc év mérlege.

Visszapillantás három évtized mérleg-számaira

Evaluating Government Policies.

A Review of Thirty Years
Educatio
Author:
Tamás Kozma

Összefoglaló. Ennek az írásnak a célja kettős. Egyrészt bevezetés kíván lenni a Harmincéves az Educatio további tanulmányaihoz; másrészt pedig visszapillantás az EDU 1992–2018 között szerkesztett Mérleg-számaira. Ezek a számok olvashatók mind papír alapon, mind pedig online formában. Ami nem olvasható, az a keletkezéstörténetük. A Mérleg-számok ötletéről, a szerkesztés körülményeiről, a szerkesztés körüli vitákról, valamint a megjelenés körüli izgalmakról szól ez a cikk. Fejezeteit az egyes Mérleg-számok alkotják, amelyek átfogják az EDU három évtizedes történetét. Célunk nem az volt, hogy megírjuk az Educatio® történetét. Hanem hogy felelevenítsük a szerkesztés hátterét, konfliktusait, levegőjét. Így ez az áttekintés mind az EDU30-hoz, mind a Mérleg-számok keletkezéséhez hozzájárul.

Summary. The purpose of this writing is twofold. On the one hand, it is an introduction to further studies of the present publication of Educatio®. On the other hand, it is a look back at the Journal’s issues focused on education policy evaluation compiled every four years between 1992 and 2018. These thematic issues can be read both on paper and online. What cannot be read is their history of origin. The present article is about the idea of education policy evaluation, the circumstances of organising, the debates on editing, and the excitements around their appearance. The writing covers three decades of the Journal, and is structured by the four-year periods of its outcoming. Our goal was not to write a complete history of Educatio®. Instead, to highlight the background, the conflicts, and the atmosphere of evaluating government policies. Thus, the writing contributes to both the present issue and the career path of Educatio®.

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There is a considerable discrepancy between official rhetoric and reality in the Hungarian higher education system. Based on a series of personal interviews conducted with the actors of Hungarian higher education, this article offers an analysis of the positions and strategies of the key players. Using the Matrix of Alliances and Conflicts: Tactics, Objectives and Recommendations (MACTOR) method, the actors of the higher education system are analysed in terms of direct and indirect reciprocal influences, and their positions with regard to a generic set of possible objectives. It is argued that there is an urgent need for concentrating resources and for re-defining the higher education strategy based on the long-term demands of a globalising world.

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Scientometrics
Authors:
Santosh Nanda
,
Ariel Rivas
,
William Trochim
, and
J. Deshler

Abstract  

The emphasis of validity as a publication content was investigated in dissertations and journal articles. The time of first publication, longitudinal publication profile, ratio of articles to dissertations, and time lag between dissertations and articles emphasizing validity were compared within and among various fields. A three-decade gap separated the first field adopting validity-related contents in its dissertations from the latest fields that did so. The longitudinal data suggested three groups of fields (Agricultural Sciences, Applied Sciences and Social Sciences) which showed consistent differences among groups and consistent similarities within groups in their emphasis on validity-related content. Adoption of validity-related content in dissertations always preceded adoption of validity-related content in journal articles. On average, less than 4% of journal articles included validity-related content across fields. These findings support the hypothesis that validity has been introduced and disseminated within fields following patterns predicted by diffusion of innovations theory. It is argued that this pattern is inconsistent with an efficient and interdisciplinary utilization of available knowledge. Policy recommendations are made for developing strategic communication and education programs for academicians and journal reviewers.

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Abstract  

The research questions are as follows: to what extent do Canadian medical school faculty members have person-to-person interactions with individuals working in public and private sector organizations? What are the characteristics of Canadian medical school faculty members who interact with individuals working in these work settings? Are these different network patterns complementary or substitute? The data used for this study are from a cross-sectional survey of Canadian medical school faculty members (n = 907). Structural multivariate ordered probit models were estimated to explore the characteristics of faculty members with different network patterns and to see if these network patterns are complementary or substitute. Study results suggest that the different network patterns considered in the study are not conflicting, but that some patterns correspond to different faculty member profiles.

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deterministic mode of policy analysis ( Amaral et al., 2002 ; Bleiklie, 1998 ; Braun & Merrien, 1999 ; Capano, Pritoni, & Vicentini, 2020 ; De Boer & Huisman, 1999 ; Leisyte, 2014 ). However, a refined understanding of HE governance of a certain field

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. (1976): Policy Analysis . Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press. Dye T. R. Policy Analysis 1976

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Summary  

This study demonstrates that the choice of search strategy for article identification has an impact on evaluation and policy analysis of research areas. We have assessed the scientific production in two areas at one research institution during a ten-year period. We explore the recall and precision of three article identification strategies: journal classifications, keywords and authors. Our results show that the different search strategies have varying recall (0.38-1.00) and precision (0.50-1.00). In conclusion, uncritical analysis based on rudimentary article identification strategies may lead to misinterpretation of the development of research areas, and thus provide incorrect data for decision-making.

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