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The essay seeks to make contributions to the clarification of the conceptual relation between law and politics. It characterizes law as an institutionalized and normative social practice that makes authority claims on its participants. On this basis, legal institutions are defined as institutions that systematically seek to influence human conduct by providing authoritatively binding practical reasons. The essay claims that the elucidation of the conceptual features of legal institutions touches upon a series of issues of justification that belong to the realm of political philosophy. This makes concepts like political institution and political obligation relevant for conceptual legal theory. After an analysis of the concept of political institution, the essay claims that the concept of legal institution and the concept of political institution have the same applications. This conclusion is used in support of the main thesis of essay: legal institutions are to be treated as political institutions in conceptual legal theory. The essay also examines whether the conceptual framework outlined here can be compatible with a viable notion of political communities. The essay makes an attempt to clarify the relevance of the main thesis in respect to legal reasoning; it insists that the position taken here is unlikely to lead to some radical reorientation of legal reasoning.

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This paper is an analysis of the narrative structure of the chronologically final part of Ahmedi’s (d. 1413) primary work İskendername , in terms of its perception of time and history. In so doing, it may be possible to examine how early Ottoman historiography dealt with the past and the present. In fact Ahmedi’s Dastān has been extensively used by scholars so far, but only as the focus of discussions on the Ghaza thesis, however, the examination of Ahmedi’s eclectic and sometimes anachronistic history and his treatment of time will provide us a theoretical perspective to the early Ottoman historiography, which has not yet been done in Ottoman studies.

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Abstract

The so-called holy crown of Hungary has been one of the most important elements in early modern Hungarian political thought, which resulted in countless images from medieval till modern times. This article treats the connection between the various crown images and descriptions of the exterior of the crown and the change of the political meaning of the crown between 1572 and 1665. Using a constructivist method of research, an attempt is made to answer the question of how the crown was depicted in art, what was the function and meaning of this depiction, how this image and function of the crown changed, and how this change can be explained. The focus of the author is on the political developments around 1608 in Hungary, in which the crown, its meaning and image played a dominant role. The function of the crown changed between 1572 and 1608 from a symbol of legitimacy of royal Habsburg power to that of the political claims of the estates of the Kingdom of Hungary. This can be observed in the work of István Illésházy, Elias Berger, János Jessenius, Lucas Kilian, Wolfgang Kilian, Péter Révay, Christoph Lackner, Márton Schödel, Hieronymus Ortelius and others. The change of use, image and meaning of the crown can be explained by the “visual turn”, which according to Peter Burke occurred in the beginning of the 17th century. The attention of historians of that period was drawn to artefacts and images of the past which were used as sources of political legitimacy and incorporated in political thought. The change of the image and meaning of the crown in Hungary was thus a part of a European development in the history of art and political thought.

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): Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy . American Political Science Review , 53 ( 1 ): 69 – 105 . Lu , X. – Lorentzen , P. ( 2016

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. május 4.) Giddens, Anthony (1995): Szociológia. Osiris, Budapest. Headey, B.–Andorka, R.–Krause, P. (1995): Political legitimacy versus economic imperatives in system transformation: Hungary and

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2013 35 87 101 Lipset, S. M. (1959): Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy

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1977 85 473 492 Lipset, S. M. (1959): Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy

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sources of reduced political legitimacy for the American medical profession. The Milbank Quarterly, 80( 2), 185—235. Schredl, M. (2010). Characteristics and contents of dreams. International Review of Neurobiology, 92 , 135

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. JAOS 119/3 390 403 Allsen, T. T. (1996): Spiritual Geography and Political Legitimacy in the Eastern Steppe. In

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. Barker , R. , Political Legitimacy and the State (Clarendon 1990 ). Berkes , N. , Turkish Nationalism and Western Civilization: Selected Essays of Ziya

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