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Abstract  

A kinetic study of the crystallization of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and of a blend of PEO+poly(bisphenol A-co-epichlorohydrin) (PBE) was performed by using DSC in a non-isothermal program at constant cooling rates. The curves obtained were analyzed by the Kissinger, Ozawa and Friedman methods, with determination of the kinetic parameters in each case. As a consequence of the presence of PBE, the kinetic parameters were altered, leading to the conclusion that PBE has some influence on the crystallization of PEO, modifying its mechanism.

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of short free radicals of low reactivity, as is the case of poly(methylmethacrylate). Thermal degradation and thermal oxidative degradation of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) have been studied [ 21 , 22 ] producing ethylene and di-ethyl ether

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Abstract  

The effects of g-irradiation on solid poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) of an initial weight-average molecular weight of 6.3.105 Da were investigated by gel permeation chromatography and viscometry. The parameters studied were changes in number- and weight-average molecular weight, molecular weight distribution and viscosity of PEO in aqueous solution. Irradiation of poly(ethylene oxide) powder in the presence of oxygen leads to the dominance of chain scission reactions. Their high radiation-chemical yield [G(scission) » 2.5.10-6 mol/J] indicates the occurrence of effective chain reactions. Upon irradiation in vacuum, crosslinking and scission occur side-by-side and the changes in molecular weight are less pronounced in the studied dose range (up to 20 kGy). Scission dominates for doses up to ca. 15 kGy, while for higher doses intermolecular crosslinking gains in importance. The competition between these processes seems to depend not only on the applied dose but also to be influenced by the inhomogenity of the material (molecular weight and/or possibly the crystallinity). Parallel occurrence of scission and crosslinking leads to the broadening of the molecular weight distribution.

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Summary By applying an advanced isoconversional method to DSC data one can evaluate a dependence of the effective activation energy (the temperature coefficient of the growth rate) on the relative extent of melt crystallization. The conversion dependence can further be converted into a temperature dependence and parameterized in terms of the Hoffman-Lauritzen equation. For poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) we observe a transition from regime I to II. Poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) crystallization appears to begin in regime II and then undergoes 2 consecutive changes that however cannot be clearly interpreted as regime III. The K g and sse parameters obtained for regime I and II (PET) and regime II (PEO) are consistent with the respective parameters reported for isothermal crystallization.

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Abstract  

Blends of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and keratin were prepared with the aim of obtaining bio-compatible materials suitable for film and fibre production. Aqueous keratin solutions, prepared by keratin extraction from wool with urea, m-bisulphite and sodium dodecyl sulphates (SDS), filtration and dialysis, were added with different amounts of PEO and solid films were prepared by casting. The addition of SDS prevents protein aggregation. Morphological, thermal and spectroscopic analysis of the films pointed out that keratin hinders the PEO crystallization process, since a progressive decrease in the size of PEO spherulites is observed and the melting point and the related enthalpy decrease with increasing the keratin content. On the other hand, according to thermal and spectroscopic investigations. PEO seems to interfere with the keratin self-assembling giving the protein a different thermal behaviour.

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Abstract  

The water + cyclodextrin + poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) mixtures have been investigated to explore the temperature effect on the aggregation of the copolymer in the presence of cyclodextrins (CDs). The CDs with different cavity sizes were chosen because they may include either the hydrophilic poly(ethylene oxides) block or both kinds of blocks. The differential scanning calorimetry and viscosity experiments straightforwardly evidenced that the critical micellar temperature is shifted to larger values by adding a CD which is able to include the middle poly(propylene oxide) block while it is not influenced by the presence of CD which is selective to the poly(ethylene oxide) block. The enthalpy of aggregation decreases upon the CD addition for all the investigated systems.

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Relations are demonstrated between the conductivity, phase structure and thermal history of some solid polymeric electrolytes. The results obtained for systems based on commercially available polymers, e.g. (ethylene oxide), and for specially synthesized materials are presented. Special emphasis is placed on the correlation between the crystallinity, glass transition temperature, melting temperature and conduction properties of the polymeric electrolytes.

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Summary The mixing state of amphiphilic di-block copolymers consisted of poly(ethylene oxide) and poly(methacrylate) having azobenzene moieties in the side chains p(EO)114pMA(Az)24 and poly(ethylene oxide) p(EO)114 was investigated from the viewpoints of isothermal crystallization and nano-scale ordered structure. The chemical potential, which required establishing the constant crystal growth rate, decreased with the p(EO) content up to 60%. The hexagonal packed cylinder structure was observed for the blends with the p(EO) content up to 60% and the lattice spacing of (100) and (110) planes increased with the p(EO) content up to 60%. The blends of amphiphilic p(EO)114pMA(Az)24 and p(EO)114 were miscible without in the p(EO) content below 60%.

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Abstract  

The high concentration 17 wt% triblock copolymer poly(ethylene oxide)100–poly(propylene oxide)65–poly(ethylene oxide)100 Pluronic F127 aqueous solutions with the addition of laponite is investigated as a novel temperature-sensitive hydrogel system. The critical micelle temperature (cmt) and the sol-to-gel transition were characterized by rheological experiments and differential scanning calorimetry. Experimental results showed that laponite particles have no significant influence on the cmt. On the other hand, viscoelastic measurements have highlighted an increase of the sol-to-gel transition temperature for mixtures with 2 and 3 wt% of laponite particles. This additive can be used to adjust the gelation temperature close to physiological temperature in medical applications.

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