Blends of poly(vinyl chloride) and a polyurethane elastomer were investigated by DSC and tensile testing. Up to 30 wt% single
glass transition was found. It was concluded that the polyurethane forms partly a true blend and is partly disperged in the
continuous blend phase.
Pyrolytic process has a promising potential for the environmentally friendly upgrading of lignocellulosic materials and plastic
waste. The co-pyrolysis of olive residue and poly(vinyl chloride) was investigated under nitrogen atmosphere by dynamic thermogravimetric
analysis in the temperature range of 300–975 K. Two main stages of mass loss have been evidenced by TG analysis. The first
occurs in the temperature range of 420–684 K, and the second occurs at 631–840 K. This research was focused on the interaction
between olive residue and poly(vinyl chloride) during the pyrolysis process. Discrepancies between the experimental and calculated
TG/DTG profiles were considered as a measurement of the extent of interactions occurring on co-pyrolysis. It was found that
reactivity of olive residue was increased in olive residue/PVC mixture. In addition, a kinetic analysis was performed to fit
thermogravimetric data, the mixture is considered as multistage process. A reasonable fit to the experimental data was obtained
for all materials and their mixture by isoconversional Friedman method.
The thermooxidative degradation of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC), chlorinated polyethylene (CPE) and PVC/CPE blend 50/50 was
investigated by means of dynamic and isothermal thermogravimetric analysis in the flowing atmosphere of air. To estimate the
thermooxidative stability of the samples the characteristics of thermogravimetric (TG) curves were used. Kinetic parameters
(the apparent activation energy E and preexponential factor Z) were calculated after isoconversional method for the first
stage of dynamic degradation where dehydrochlorination (DHCl) of PVC and/or CPE is the main degradation reaction. Despite
the chemical resemblance, the degradation mechanisms of CPE and PVC are different, as a consequence of differences in microregularity
of the corresponding polymer chains. The addition of Ca/Zn carboxylates as well as the ratio of Ca and Zn carboxylates have
considerably different influence on the investigated polymers.
Authors:Riza Wirawan, S. M. Sapuan, Yunus Robiah, and Abdan Khalina
natural fibres [ 6 ].
The matrix selected in this study was poly(vinylchloride) (PVC). It is one of the most well-known and the least expensive thermoplastic polymers. This thermoplastic is used in a broad range of applications, and its use has
Authors:Magdy W. Sabaa, Samira T. Rabie, and Riham R. Mohamed
For many years, poly(vinylchloride) (PVC) has been one of the most important technical polymers that have wide applicability specially in medicine due to its easy modification by various additives, such as
Authors:Yiqun Fang, Qingwen Wang, Xiaoyan Bai, Weihong Wang, and Paul A. Cooper
chloride (PVC) [ 10 – 14 ]. Among these, the markets for wood flour-poly(vinylchloride) composites (WF-PVC) are increasing dramatically, with a growth perspective of 200% from 2002 to 2010[ 1 ]. They are now typically used in building construction
A series of blends of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) and polyaniline (PANI) was prepared by solution casting and investigated
by methods of thermal analysis, namely thermogravimetric analysis (TG), coupled with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
(TG-FT/IR) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It was found that the thermal stability of this polymer system depends
on the composition of blend; the main product of prevailing PVC decomposition process — hydrogen chloride — seems to play
specific role during degradation since it can react with PANI structures, characterized by different protonation degree.
Thermogravimetry coupled with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (TG/FT-IR) was used to investigate the stabilizing action
of 3-(2,4-dibromophenylazo)-9-(2,3-epoxypropane)carbazole on the degradation of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC). It was found that
this secondary stabilizer increases the initial temperature of hydrogen chloride evolution (the main process responsible for
PVC decomposition), thereby allowing its application for novel PVC systems with enhanced thermal stability. The application
of TG/FT-IR technique for study of the thermal properties of polymeric materials offers additional characterization options
in comparison with thermogravimetry, if used alone.
Summary A series of semi-interpenetrating polymer networks (semi-IPN) of polyurethane (PU) and poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) has been obtained by prepolymer method and characterised by FTIR; morphological features were examined by SEM-EDS. It has been found that PVC spherical aggregates are dispersed in the PU matrix, but Cl atoms location indicates partial miscibility of both polymers at the interphase which is probably due to hydrogen bonding and/or dipole-dipole interactions. The PVC component influences the phase behaviour of PU’s hard segments, as evidenced by DSC results. Thermogravimetric analysis (TG) reveals a complex, multi-step decomposition process with the main mass loss at 503-693 K, while the DTG maxima are located between 540 and 602 K.
Authors:Vadim V. Krongauz, Yann-Per Lee, and Anthony Bourassa
Poly(vinylchloride) (PVC) is used in construction, medical devices, electrical insulation, rain gear, upholstery, and other products. The degradation mechanism of PVC and other halogenated polymers exposed to high