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Abstract  

The soft segment crystallinity and morphology of poly(ester-urethanes) (PEUs) based on poly(&-caprolactone) (PCL) as a soft segment and an aliphatic diisocyanate in the hard segment were studied. It was found that the restriction of the crystallization of the PCL soft segment depends on the hard segment concentration, the length of the soft segment, and the total molecular mass of the PEUs. The PEU based on a low molecular mass PCL (M=2000) is an amorphous elastic material during a long time after casting from solution or after melt crystallization. A soft-hard segment endothermal mixing transition (Tmix) of about 70-80C is observed in the DSC curves of this PEU sample.

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Abstract  

Dynamic mechanical and thermal properties of poly(ester urethanes) (PEU) cross-linked with styrene have been studied. The investigated polyurethanes were obtained from 4,4′-diphenylmethane diisocyanate and unsaturated oligo(alkyleneester)diol based on cis-2-butene-1,4-diol. The conducted analyses dealt with the correlation between the chemical structure of poly(ester urethanes) and their ability to phase separate as well as their thermal stability. The products of PEU thermal degradation were characterized using infrared spectroscopy.

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Abstract  

Effect of hydrolysis time on molar mass, glass transition temperature, crystallinity, and resistance to thermooxidation at elevated temperatures was analyzed for Estanes 54600, 54610, and 54650. Kinetics of the hydrolysis can be plausibly described in terms of the first-order reaction with an average induction period of about 7 days. Reduction of molar mass induced by hydrolysis brings about an appreciable decrease in glass transition temperature, fraction of crystalline domains of soft segments, and thermooxidative stability. The latter effect is manifested by shortening of the lifetimes (related to 5% mass loss) the temperature dependence of which obeys the Arrhenius plot. The observed differences in hydrolysis resistance of Estanes can be related to their chemical composition.

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Evaluation of the residual stability of polyurethane automotive coatings by DSC

Equivalence of Xenotest and desert weathering tests and the synergism of stabilizers

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: P. Šimon, Marta Fratričová, P. Schwarzer, and H.-W. Wilde

Abstract  

Degradation of poly(ester-urethanes), poly(ether-urethanes) and poly(acrylic-urethanes), as a base for automotive paintings in interior applications, has been studied by DSC. The samples were clearcoat and black-pigmented paints, unstabilized and stabilized with HALS Tinuvin 292, UV absorber Tinuvin 1130 and antioxidant Hostanox O3, exposed to weathering in Xenotest and in Arizona desert. From the dependences of oxidation onset temperature on the heating rate, the kinetic parameters enabling to calculate the oxidation induction time for a chosen temperature have been obtained. From the values of oxidation induction time, the protection factors of the additives and the residual stability of the polymer after an ageing stress has been evaluated. It has been shown that the equivalence between the two methods of weathering depends on the polymer composition. A new criterion for the evaluation of synergism/antagonism of additives in the stabilizing mixture has been proposed.

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poly(ester-urethane)s from renewable resources . J Polym Sci A . 2001 ; 39 : 630 – 639 . 10.1002/1099-0518(20010301)39:5<630::AID-POLA1034>3.0.CO;2-1 . 11. Papageorgiou , GZ

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