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Summary  

Kinetics of dehydration of equilibrium swollen poly(acrylic acid) hydrogel was investigated using methods of non-isothermal thermal analysis. Methods of Kissinger, Coats-Redfern, Van Krevelen and Horowitz-Metzger were applied for determination the kinetics parameters: activation energy (E), pre-exponent (lnA) as well as the kinetics model ƒ(69) for the process of hydrogel dehydration under different heating rates. An existence of good agreement between determined values of kinetic parameters (Eand A), which were obtained applying different methods under the same heating rate. Functional relationship between changes of kinetic parameters of dehydration and changes of heating rate was established. An existence of compensation effect is accepted and explanation of compensation effect appearance during the hydrogel dehydration is suggested.

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Abstract  

Polyacrylic hydrogels were14C- and3H-labeled in three main steps. In the first one, the monomer as sodium salt was14C-labeled at the carboxyl group via the carbonation of vinylmagnesium bromide and [1-14C]acrylic acid was obtained, followed by labeling with tritium via isotopic exchange in heterogeneous catalysis. The monomer was purified and its radiochemical purity was analyzed using TLC. In the last step, the hydrogel was obtained through radiopolymerization of the doubly labeled monomer using a60Co source. The oligomers and unpolymerized monomers were eliminated from the hydrogel by swelling in water followed by dehydration with methanol.

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