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193 1083 1085 Watanabe, T., Suzuki, Y., Koboyashi, M.: Immobilization of lipase on polyethylene and application to Perilla oil hydrolysis for

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Abstract  

HZSM-5 zeolite was screened as catalyst for high density polyethylene degradation at 450‡C, under nitrogen static atmosphere. Two different samples were studied in this condition: HDPE alone and mixed with HZSM-5. The reactor was connected on line to an HP 5890-II gas Chromatograph. Sample degradation was investigated using a Perkin-Elmer Delta 7 Thermobalance, from room temperature to 800‡C, with heating rates of 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0‡C min−1. From TG curves, the activation energies, calculated using an integral kinetic method, decreased 60.6% in the presence of the zeolite.

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Abstract  

Different grades of linear low density polyethylenes (LLDPEs) have been quenched cooled step-wise and crystallised isothermally at (a series of increasing) temperatures in a DSC (thermal fractionated samples). These samples have been investigated by temperature modulated DSC (MDSC). The heat flow curves of the thermal fractionated materials were compared with those obtained from samples crystallised at a relatively slow cooling rate of 2 K min-1(standard samples). The melting enthalpy obtained from the total heat flow of the thermal fractionated samples was 0-10 J g-1higher than those of standard samples. The melting enthalpy obtained from the reversing heat flows was 13-31 J g-1lower in the thermal fractionated samples than in the standard samples. The ratio of the reversing melting enthalpy to the total melting enthalpy increased with decreasing density of the PE. The melting temperature of the endotherms formed by the step-wise cooling was 9 K higher than the crystallisation temperature.

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Abstract  

Thermal reactions of polyethylene with coal were studied. Coal used exhibited an endothermal effect in the temperature range of 425-495C with a flat maximum (about 460C). In contrast, polyethylene alone was decomposed in the temperature range of 420-540C (mainly of 485-540C) with the significant DSC maximum at 510C. In the presence of coal this maximum shifted to lower temperature (483C), therefore, coal promoted the decomposition of polyethylene. As decomposition of polyethylene yields alkenes and alkadienes, the thermal reaction of polyethylene with coal under low temperature conditions can be described as two-stage process in which the first stage includes the decomposition of polyethylene giving unsaturated hydrocarbons and the second stage adsorption and hydrogenation of these products (mainly by coal hydrogen) on the inner surfaces of semicoke and coal.

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High-density polyethylene, its composites with hydrophilic/hydrophobic silica and the antioxidant BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) were studied using the thermogravimetric analysis. It has been shown that filling with silica as well as introducing BHT into the unfilled polymer increases the thermal-oxidative stability of the polymer. Immobilized BHT is inactive and it suppresses the stabilizing effect of hydrophobic silica surface in the processes of thermal oxidation at the initial stage. However, being gradually released from the surface antioxidant prolongs the resistance of the polymer against oxidation.

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Abstract  

The high-density polyethylene, thermoplastic widely-used in the production of industrial domestic utilities, was collected in two situations: virgin high-density polyethylene (JV 060) and post-consumption high-density polyethylene (with features of low-density polyethylene). After collecting the samples, they were submitted to natural aging with the quantification of the incident solar radiation for 180 days. The samples were characterized by melt flow index, differential scanning calorimetry, tensile strength, rupture load, elongation at break and infrared. The results showed that after 180 days of exposure the virgin high-density polyethylene presented physical properties similar to the post-consumption polyethylene.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: J. Sacristán, R. Benavente, J. Pereña, E. Pérez, A. Bello, R. Rojas, R. Quijada, and F. Rabagliati

Abstract  

A series of high density polyethylenes (HDPE) were synthesized via homogeneous polymerization with metallocene catalyst in two different reactors (glass and stainless steel). The thermal and mechanical properties of the polyethylenes, synthesized with two types of reactor and different reaction parameters, are discussed.

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Abstract  

The Modulated Differential Scanning Calorimeter (MDSC) technique, using TA Q1000 instrument, has been applied as a tool to study the reversible and non-reversible heat flow characteristics of a wide range of polyethylenes. It was found that the heat flow characteristic is dependent upon the heating rates and modulation period used in the test. By using a set of standard test conditions, MDSC was found to be useful in studying the effect of previous thermal processing conditions, additive effects, and also the density, MI, type of comonomer, and molecular architecture.

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Abstract  

Fire resistance of polyethylene is realized by magnesium hydroxide which is distinguished from halogenated fire-proofing agents by its lower cost and its non toxicity. Magnesium hydroxide decomposed by an endothermic reaction with liberation of water, contributing to fire proofing. The sample used (Kisuma 5A-N*) is constituted from a powder (0.6–0.8 micrometre) its surface is treated by plastic material in order to ameliorate its compatibility. We studied the thermal decomposition by DTA and TG, of mixtures constituted by polyethylene and magnesium hydroxide. A sudden decomposition began at 385°C for pure polyethylene and decomposition took place at 429°C for the mixture polyethylene-Kisuma (50–50). Incorporation of magnesium hydroxide in polyethylene increases fire resistance.

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Abstract  

This work presents a relationship between the thermal properties in different polyethylene samples analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The morphology and structural changes were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). A preparative method involving surface etching was used to obtain surface replicas. The main morphological features of the samples, characterized by lamellar structure, obtained in this work by TEM give values of mean lamellar thickness from 900 to 500 Ĺ in the highest branch content and molecular mass. Enthalpies of melting allowed to calculate crystallinity; given values in the range from 47 to 68%.

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