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Abstract  

Effects of fullerenes including FS, EFS and pure C60 on thermal behaviors of polyethylene glycol (PEG) have been studied by employing thermogravimetry-differential thermogravimetry (TG-DTG), differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and off-line furnace-type pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). The products were collected by Cambridge filter pad which was widely used in analyzing the combustion products of cigarette. The results showed that the addition of fullerenes obviously restrained the thermal decomposition of PEG. The initial decomposition temperatures (IDT) and maximum decomposition peak temperatures (MDT) were evidently postponed by the addition of fullerenes. Pyrolysis products with one or two hydroxyl end groups obviously increased with the addition of 10% C60. The reasons of the changes were discussed from the aspects of reaction mechanisms.

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Abstract  

Solid dispersions of the antidiabetic drug glibenclamide and polyethylene glycol 4000 (macrogol 4000) were prepared by the melting method in order to increase the solubility of this poorly water-soluble compound. The temperature/composition phase diagram of the components was analyzed by hot-stage microscopy and differential scanning calorimetry, showing a monotectic. Polarized light hot stage microscopy and X-ray-powder diffraction confirmed, that glibenclamide is mainly present in a non-crystalline state after melting and solidifying of a 10% (w/w) mixture, which results in an enhanced solubility compared to physical mixtures. The solubility and dissolution rate of the drug increases clearly with decreasing drug/polymer ratio. Moreover, it was observed for the first time that a drug could crystallize as whiskers at the surface of aged solid dispersion particles. Besides relaxation phenomena, this crystallization mechanism may be responsible for a deterioration of liberation properties and bioavailability of solid dispersion based drug products with increasing storage time.

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Cereal Research Communications
Authors: A. Comeau, L. Nodichao, J. Collin, M. Baum, J. Samsatly, D. Hamidou, F. Langevin, A. Laroche, and E. Picard

glycol 6000, and its variation with temperature. J. Exp. Bot. 32 :861–866. McClendon J.H. The osmotic pressure of concentrated solutions of polyethylene glycol 6000, and its variation

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with varying concentrations of a mixture of two polymers: a water-insoluble polymer, ethylcellulose (EC), and a water-soluble polymer, polyethylene glycol-6000 (PEG-6000). EC, if used alone, a hydrophobic water-impermeable matrix would be formed

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Abstract  

The extraction of cesium and barium cations into nitrobenzene and 60% (vol.%) nitrobenzene +40% CCl4 mixture in the presence of dicarbollide (+Slovafol 909), and primary alkylammonium cations has been studied. Extraction constants determined for three methylammonium cations correlate well with their hydration enthalpies. Reverse order of the hydrophobicity of methylammonium cations (competition with bare Cs+ ion) and of their tendency to enter the polyethylene glycol complex (competition with polyethylene glycol complexed Cs+ and Ba2+ ions) is recorded. The possibility of the regeneration of the organic phase after stripping of Cs+ and Ba2+ ions with methylammonium cations has been investigated.

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Abstract  

Polyethylene glycol methacrylate (PEGMA) with different polyethylene oxide units were grafted onto polypropylene (PP) films by a preirradiation grafting method. The effect of co-solvent system on the degree of grafting and water contact angle were determined, respectively. The grafted sample films were verified by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in the attenuated total reflectance mode (ATR). The biocompatibility and blood compatibility of the grafted PP films were evaluated by the determination of protein adsorption, platelet adsorption and thrombus.

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Abstract  

A new polyethylene glycol supported chiral monosulfonamide was conveniently synthesized from (R,R)-1,2-diphenylethylenediamine. The ruthenium catalyst prepared from polyethylene glycol supported chiral monosulfonamide with [RuCl2(p-cymene)]2 was used in the asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of prochiral ketones in neat water with good to excellent conversions and enantioselectivities. The catalyst could be easily recovered and reused several times.

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Abstract  

A modified isoconversional method is applied to perform the kinetic analysis of non-isothermal processes. The solidification process of a polyethylene glycol with a mean molecular of 4000 (PEG 4000) was here analyzed. It was stated that the Avrami model provides a good description of the solidification process. Temperature-cooling rate-transformation diagrams were constructed and there was a good agreement between experimental data and the calculated T-CR-T curves. Moreover, morphological qualitative analysis has been performed by means of scanning electron microscopy.

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Abstract  

The extraction of strontium and cesium ions from high ionic strength acid, base, and salt solutions into an organic extractant consisting of alkyl cobalt dicarbollide and polyethylene glycol (PEG) in diethylbenzene was investigated. Adding hexaethylene glycol or PEG-400 improved the strontium extraction ≥100-fold, while cesium extraction was decreased at high PEG concentrations. The extractions are rapid and selective, even in the presence of molar concentrations of sodium ion, suggesting that alkyl cobalt dicarbollide extractants are useful for the treatment of alkaline nuclear wastes. A method for the synthesis of tetra-n-hexyl(cobalt dicarbollide) is described.

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