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# Complete monotonicity of two functions involving the tri-and tetra-gamma functions

Periodica Mathematica Hungarica
Authors: Jiao-Lian Zhao, Bai-Ni Guo, and Feng Qi

## Abstract

The psi function ψ(x) is defined by ψ(x) = Γ′(x)/Γ(x) and ψ (i)(x), for i ∈ ℕ, denote the polygamma functions, where Γ(x) is the gamma function. In this paper, we prove that the functions
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$[\psi '(x)]^2 + \psi ''(x) - \frac{{x^2 + 12}} {{12x^4 (x + 1)^2 }}$$ \end{document}
and
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\frac{{x + 12}} {{12x^4 (x + 1)}} - \{ [\psi '(x)]^2 + \psi ''(x)\}$$ \end{document}
are completely monotonic on (0,∞).
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