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Abstract  

Soybean oil based polyols (5-OH polyol, 10-OH polyol and 15-OH polyol) were synthetised from epoxidized soybean oil. The melting peak of polyols and the relationship between melting peak and the number-average functionality of hydroxyl in polyols were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The thermal decomposition of polyols and some of their thermal properties by thermogravimetry (TG) and derivative thermogravimetry (DTG) were also studied. The thermal stability of polyols in a nitrogen atmosphere was very close hence they had a same baseplate of triglyceride for polyols. The extrapolated onset temperature of polyols in their thermal mass loss, first step had a decreasing order: 5-OH polyol>10-OH polyol>15-OH polyol due to the difficulty in forming multiple elements ring of them had the same order. The thermal behavior of polyols under non-isothermal conditions using Friedman’s differential isoconversional method with different heating rates indicated that the 5-OH polyol had the lowest activation energy in thermal decomposition amongst these polyols according to the same fractional mass loss because of the weakest intramolecular oligomerization. The 15-OH polyol was prior to reach the mass loss region because the six-member ring is more stable than the three-member ring from 10-OH polyol and more easily formed.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: M. Ştefănescu, M. Stoia, O. Ştefănescu, A. Popa, M. Simon, and C. Ionescu

Abstract  

Hybrid organic-inorganic materials, silica – polyols (ethylene-glycol – EG; 1,2 propane diol – 1,2PG; 1,3 propane diol – 1,3PG and glycerol – GL), were prepared by a sol-gel process starting from tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and polyols, in acid catalysis. The resulting materials were studied by thermal analysis (in air and nitrogen), FTIR and solid state 29Si-NMR spectroscopy. These techniques evidenced the presence of polyols in the silica matrix both hydrogen bounded and chemically bounded in the silica network. The thermal analysis proves to be the most appropriate technique to evidence the organic chains linked in the matrix network and to follow the thermal evolution of the gels to the SiO2 matrix.

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that the presence of other substances can affect the LA stability positively, increasing stability, or negatively, decreasing protein stability [ 10 – 15 ]. Polyols have been used extensively to improve stability of the native structure of

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coordination compounds formed in the redox reaction between NO 3 − (from Fe(III), Ni(II), Zn(II) nitrates) and ethylene glycol (EG) [ 20 ]. This article presents a study on obtaining Ni–Zn ferrite nanoparticles using other polyols: 1,2-propane diol (1

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Abstract  

Kinetics of polyurethane formation between several polyols and isocyanates with dibutyltin dilaurate (DBTDL) as the curing catalyst, were studied in the bulk state by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) using an improved method of interpretation. The molar enthalpy of urethane formation from secondary hydroxyl groups and aliphatic isocyanates is 723 kJ mol-1 and for aromatic isocyanates it is 552 kJ mol-1 . In the case of a single second order reaction for aliphatic isocyanates reaction, activation energy is 705 kJ mol-1 with oxypropylated polyols and 503 kJ mol-1 with Castor oil. For aromatic isocyanates and oxypropylated polyols the activation energy is higher around 77 kJ mol-1 . In the case of two parallel reactions (situation for IPDI and TDI 2-4) best fits are observed considering two different activation energies.

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174 Klewicki, R. & Klewicka, E. (2004): Antagonistic activity of lactic acid bacteria against selected bacteria of the Enterobacteriaceae family in the presence of polyols

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Thermal investigation of polyols

I. Hexitols and pentitols

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: E. Schwarz, V. Grundstein, and A. Ievins
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Thermal analysis of polyols. II

Pentaerythritol and analogous compounds

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: E. Schwarz, V. Grundstein, A. Ievins, A. Terauda, and A. Vegnere
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Thermodynamic investigation of several natural polyols

Part III. Heat capacities and thermodynamic properties of erythritol

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: B. Tong, Z. Tan, J. Zhang, and S. Wang

Abstract  

The low-temperature heat capacity C p,m of erythritol (C4H10O4, CAS 149-32-6) was precisely measured in the temperature range from 80 to 410 K by means of a small sample automated adiabatic calorimeter. A solid-liquid phase transition was found at T=390.254 K from the experimental C p-T curve. The molar enthalpy and entropy of this transition were determined to be 37.92±0.19 kJ mol−1 and 97.17±0.49 J K−1 mol−1, respectively. The thermodynamic functions [H T-H 298.15] and [S T-S 298.15], were derived from the heat capacity data in the temperature range of 80 to 410 K with an interval of 5 K. The standard molar enthalpy of combustion and the standard molar enthalpy of formation of the compound have been determined: Δc H m 0(C4H10O4, cr)= −2102.90±1.56 kJ mol−1 and Δf H m 0(C4H10O4, cr)= − 900.29±0.84 kJ mol−1, by means of a precision oxygen-bomb combustion calorimeter at T=298.15 K. DSC and TG measurements were performed to study the thermostability of the compound. The results were in agreement with those obtained from heat capacity measurements.

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Thermodynamic investigation of several natural polyols (II)

Heat capacities and thermodynamic properties of sorbitol

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: B. Tong, Z. Tan, Q. Shi, Y. Li, and S. Wang

Abstract  

The low-temperature heat capacity C p,m of sorbitol was precisely measured in the temperature range from 80 to 390 K by means of a small sample automated adiabatic calorimeter. A solid-liquid phase transition was found at T=369.157 K from the experimental C p-T curve. The dependence of heat capacity on the temperature was fitted to the following polynomial equations with least square method. In the temperature range of 80 to 355 K, C p,m/J K−1 mol−1=170.17+157.75x+128.03x 2-146.44x 3-335.66x 4+177.71x 5+306.15x 6, x= [(T/K)−217.5]/137.5. In the temperature range of 375 to 390 K, C p,m/J K−1 mol−1=518.13+3.2819x, x=[(T/K)-382.5]/7.5. The molar enthalpy and entropy of this transition were determined to be 30.35±0.15 kJ mol−1 and 82.22±0.41 J K−1 mol−1 respectively. The thermodynamic functions [H T-H 298.15] and [S T-S 298.15], were derived from the heat capacity data in the temperature range of 80 to 390 K with an interval of 5 K. DSC and TG measurements were performed to study the thermostability of the compound. The results were in agreement with those obtained from heat capacity measurements.

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