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430s, after which it served as a burial site (and perhaps dwelling) of the Huns. The analysis of the pottery, given the immense quantity, is carried out wing by wing, room by room. 3 The present study presents the materials from room III of the north

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Ceramics. A Private View . Vancouver. K UDELKOVÁ , Alena – Z EMINOVÁ , Milena 1955 : Moravská a slovenská habánská keramika [Moravian and Slovak Anabaptist Pottery] . Brno. K UDELKOVÁ , Alena – Z EMINOVÁ , Milena 1961 : Habánská fajáns

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The investigation of ancient pottery

Application of thermal analysis

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: V. A. Drebushchak, L. N. Mylnikova, T. N. Drebushchak, and V. V. Boldyrev

Summary  

Ancient ceramic samples (single fragments and different parts of pots, unbroken and repaired; total about 180 samples) dated from the transitional period of late Bronze to early Iron Age (VIII-VI centuries BC) and early Iron Age (VII-IV centuries BC) were investigated by thermal analysis, X-ray powder diffraction, petrography, and scanning electron microscopy equipped with the energy-dispersive X-ray analyzer. In addition to that, to identify the clay sources for the ceramic manufacturing, about 15 samples of clays and soils found near archeological digs and taken from the mineralogical museum were investigated. We found out that the calcite content of ceramics is a very informative parameter for the identification of the clay source for the pottery manufactured at low technological level (low-temperature firing).

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Materialien der frühen Kaiserzeit). DissPann II:20. Budapest 1942. Ettlinger 1951 = E. Ettlinger : Legionary pottery from Vindonissa. JRS 41(1951) 105

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Product of a craft with mediaeval roots in Western and Central Europe, Haban pottery represents an exceptional field in the art of clay modelling. The article presents a short history of Hutterite settlement in Transylvania, the manufacturing technology used for the pottery ware and the wonderful pieces of Haban pottery from the collection of the Emil Sigerus Museum of Saxon Ethnography, some of them belonging to the first period of Haban pottery from Alvinc (Vinţu de Jos, Romania) 1671, but also examples of post-Haban ware from the 18th century.

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Introduction Iron Age pottery from an archeological site in the Galilee was analyzed [ 1 ]. The pottery was excavated at Tel-Hadar, on the eastern shore of the Sea of Galilee. The excavation was carried out in the framework of

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Abstract  

To study the nature of ancient and modern pottery it is necessary to be able to determine the concentrations of the major constituent elements. For such studies, mass balances calculated from these elemental concentrations cluster around 100% for a silicate-silica matrix and around 80–90% in highly calcarious pottery which has a silicate-carbonate (silica) matrix. This work requires experimental measurements with coefficients of variation wihtin approximately ±5%. The high concentrations of silicon in pottery may reasonably be determined by neutron activation analysis using the nuclear reaction29Si(n, p)29 Al. Aluminium-29 has a half life of 6.56 minutes and a γ-ray energy of 1272 keV. Epithermal neutron irradiations of samples in cadmium foil are required to minimize the quantities of thermal neutron induced radionuclides. The method of analysis developed for the low flux SLOWPOKE reactor is described and the accuracy and precision of the technique is discussed by allusion to analyses of standard reference materials. The application of this technique to two different archaeological problems is addressed. The first is a case of carbonate dilution found in neolithic pottery from Iran and the second case is a problem of silica dilution in Roman pottery from Germany.

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Abstract  

Mössbauer spectroscopy and a set of refiring experiments have been used to characterize ancient potsherds coming from the archaeological site of Gueldamane. Information about the original firing techniques and conditions has been deduced from the refiring experiments and a firing process has been proposed for Gueldamane pottery.

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Abstract  

Potsherds from north and south of the Soutpansberg mountain range in Transvaal were analyzed by PIXE to establish possible trade patterns between the two regions, over the last thousand years. Correspondence analysis based on the content of 12 elements made it possible to distinguish pottery from the two regions, irrespective of where they were found. A model combining elemental and stylistic analysis was developed to explain both the physical movement of pots and the diffusion of ideas.

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Lamiová 1982 = M. Lamiová : Keramika dvoch tisícročí. Bratislava 1982. Lipka et al. 1990 = J. Lipka— J. Rausz— M. Gajdosova— G Fusek— M. Hucl : Study of ancient pottery from

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