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(pp. 1–24). Ablex, Norwood, NJ. Duncker, K. (1945): On problem-solving. Psychological Monographs, 58 (5, whole no. 270). Hamel, R., Elshout, J. J. (2000): On the development of knowledge during

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. Newell , A. & Simon , H. A. 1972 . Human Problem Solving . Englewood Cliffs, NJ : Prentice-Hall . Prassl , F. 2010 . Translators’ Decision

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Abstract

Central venous port systems are now routinely used in oncology. The non-functioning port system is a common issue in radiology departments. Fluoroscopy is a first-line imaging modality. The potential usefulness of computed tomography as a problem-solving tool in three complex cases with non-radiopaque central venous port systems is presented.

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. Carpenter S. Varma M. A. Just 2003 Frontal and parietal participation in problem solving in the Tower of London: fMRI

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The present paper focuses on the translation process, particularly on the features of the expert translation process, viewing expertise in translation as a specific case of expertise in general. It utilises conceptual and methodological tools developed in cognitive psychology. In this paper, translation is conceptualised as problem-solving and translation tasks as ill-defined problems. We argue that professionalism does not equal expertise. Four criteria of expertise are discussed with special reference to expertise in translation. The work of experts is viewed as progressive problem-solving. Translation problems are defined as entire translation tasks, rather than single textual elements or contextual issues. Translation tasks are defined as ill-defined problems, as they are not unambiguous with only one possible solution. In addition, there is no clear solution path from the initial to the final state. Think-aloud experiments were conducted with four expert and two non-expert translators to study how different competence profiles affect the translation process and its outcome. The findings support earlier research indicating that translation does not become easier with growing experience and expertise. We suggest that a productive line of research might be investigating the constraints which direct the translation process.

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Abstract  

The evaluation of the eco-toxic consequences of heavy metals on the biosphere requires assessment of their biological effects. This involves the determination of the different ionic species and the various chemical forms of each element. For many elements, the usual electrochemical methods for the analysis of different chemical species do not meet the required sensitivity; ppm or even ppb concentration ranges represent often the actual content of many matrices. For many elements as Hg, V, Cr, As, and Se one of the most sensitive method of trace determinations down to the ppb level is the NAA. Unfortunately this method gives information only on the total number of nuclei present, regardless to their outer structure and chemical forms. In this work, some examples are given of the feasibility of NAA to the determination of trace amounts of different chemical species of some heavy metals, when coupled to specific separation procedures.

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Projektalapú nyelvoktatás egyetemi hallgatók körében

Project-based Language Learning among University Students

Educatio
Authors: Judit Török, András Kétyi, Szilvia Hukné Kiss, Viktória Koltányiné Vadász, Zsuzsanna Ugrai, and Ferenc Kósik

Absztrakt:

A BGE KKK Német Tanszéki Osztálya 2017 őszén bevezette a projektalapú nyelvoktatást. Ehhez kapcsolódóan három féléven át a német szaknyelvet első nyelvként (n = 65, 1. minta) és második nyelvként (n = 59, 2. minta) tanuló hallgatók körében kutatást végeztünk a problémamegoldó képesség és nyelvtanulási motiváció változásáról, valamint a tanárok közötti együttműködésről. A problémamegoldó feladatnál csak az első minta esetében volt szignifikáns különbség az elő-, illetve az utómérésben (p < 0,001). A motiváció az első mintánál nem mutatott szignifikáns különbséget, a második mintánál azonban az utómérésben a belső motivációs tényezőknél szignifikánsan alacsonyabb értéket mértünk (p < 0,005). A tanári együttműködés vonatkozásában megállapítható, hogy a munkaközösség az eltelt három szemeszter során munkacsoportból teammé alakult.

Open access
Magyar Pszichológiai Szemle
Authors: Kasik László, Vidákovich Tibor, Gáspár Csaba, and Tóth Edit

. Bedell , J. R. & Lennox , S. S. ( 1997 ). Handbook of communication and problem solving skills training: A cognitive-behavioral approach. New York : Wiley . Belzer , K. D. , D

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Jellemző megküzdési módok és a társadalmi problémák kezelése

Typical Coping Styles and Handling Social Problems

Magyar Pszichológiai Szemle
Authors: Nagy Luca and Balázs Katalin

: A test of the goodness of fi t hypothesis . Australian Journal of Psychology , 44 ( 1 ), 1 – 7 . doi: 10.1080/00049539208260155 D’Zurilla , T. J ., & Chang , E. C . ( 1995 ). The relations between social problem solving and coping . Cognitive

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and Family Review , 46 , 327 – 345 . C hang , E. C. , D’Z urilla , T. J. , & S anna , L. J. ( 2004 ). Social Problem Solving. Theory, Research, and Training . Washington, DC

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