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A közfoglalkoztatottaknak szóló képzések vizsgálata hazánkban (2016–2020)

Study of Trainings for Public Employees in Hungary (2016–2020)

Educatio
Author:
Dávid Hajdú

A tanulmány az elsődleges munkaerőpiacról kikerült közfoglalkoztatottaknak szóló képzések főbb jellemzőit vizsgálja a 2016–2020 közötti időszakban, kitérve a résztvevők számának nem, korcsoport, iskolai végzettség szerinti megoszlására, valamint a későbbi sikeres munkaerőpiaci elhelyezkedésre is. A közfoglalkoztatás egy átmeneti állapot, amely arra hivatott, hogy a munka világából kiszorulókat visszasegítse a munka világába. A közfoglalkoztatottaknak szóló képzések ugyanezen cél mentén jöttek létre, hogy egy új szakma elsajátításával minél hamarabb munkához jussanak a képzéseken részt vevők. Az eredmények nagy területi, térségi különbségeket mutatnak, és kijelenthető, hogy azokba a térségekbe (főként a keleti régiókba) csoportosultak a képzések, ahol a legnagyobb szükség van rá. Ugyanakkor összességében elmondható, hogy a képzések nem érték el a kívánt eredményt, hiszen a képzést sikeresen elvégző közfoglalkoztatottak a képzés elvégzése után 6 hónappal vagy munkanélkülivé váltak, vagy csak a másodlagos munkaerőpiacon, azaz közfoglalkoztatottként tudtak csak újra elhelyezkedni.

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Over the last decades, there has been plenty of research and publications on Political Business Cycles (PBC), aimed at analysing and explaining the use of fiscal and monetary instruments to stimulate economic growth before elections, with the intention of impressing potential voters. Previous research on PBC in Albania reveals clear evidence of fiscal expansion before elections, but no significant changes in GDP and inflation as theory predicts. One possible explanation of this result could be economic agents’ expectations, which is the subject of this paper. We analyse consumers’ expectations before elections, the main factors underlying expectations, and the way in which these expectations influence their behaviour toward spending, and consequently the macroeconomic outcomes, deploying standard econometric methods widely applied in PBC related research. According to our research results, households’ consumption spending decreases before elections because of the higher uncertainty about their future economic situation due to the highly politicised public employment.

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Drawing on data from 11 successive waves of yearly wage surveys carried out by the Public Employment Service in Hungary from 1992 to 2003, the paper examines, with the use of elementary statistical tools, whether or not earnings fluctuations differ in size across groups of employees with different degrees of schooling and labour market experience, and if they do, whether the observed differentials might be related to differences in the experience-earnings profiles of those groups.Although preliminary, our findings suggest that earnings fluctuations do differ in magnitude across those groups, and that, moreover, their magnitudes vary in positive association with group-specific global and local slopes of the relevant experience-earnings profiles.Assuming that (1) differences in the observed magnitudes of earnings fluctuations are at least partly due to differences in the flexibility/rigidity of the market rates of earnings, and that (2) the flexibility/rigidity of those rates is a determinant of unemployment, it seems reasonable to expect that long-discovered systemic differences in unemployment across groups of employees with different degrees of schooling and experience (and, perhaps, across countries as well) might also be related in part to differences in experience-earnings profiles

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Alapítvány . Pirisi , K. – Erdélyi , T. – Komka , N. ( 2015 ): Place and Role of Public Employment in Improving the Situation of the Homeless of Budapest . Manuscript.

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Public Employment Services . Background Report . Brussels. European Commission ( 2013 ): Promoting Jobs, Inclusion and Social Policy as an Investment . Luxemburg : Office for Official Publications of the European

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. ( 2007 ): Exploring Job Satisfaction in Private and Public Employment: Empirical Evidence from Greece . Labour , 21 ( 2 ): 333 – 359 . Diaz-Serrano , L. — Vieira , J. ( 2005

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. A Magyar Szegénységellenes Hálózat jelentése a közfoglalkoztatottak hátterérol, helyzetérol és lehetoségeirol [The public employment trap: A report of the Hungarian Anti-Poverty Network on the background, situation and prospects of people in public

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-market programs. This condition examines the active and passive labour-market policy spending of countries; public spending on labour-market programmes includes public employment services, 24 training

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discussions that take place on the listserv. That is, each individual was associated to a type of institution based on email address or public employment information. Institutional affiliations (across countries) were normalized to the following four types

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determined by public employment was weakening, due to the dilution of this social group’s prestige by the growing participation of women in traditional middle class jobs and the decreasing number of nobles in these positions. 57 The concept of the bourgeoisie

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