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the residents. Under this premise, how to create active, open, and healing public spaces in limited urban land becomes particularly important. With the development of Healthy City theory, public space is considered as an important carrier for urban

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1 Introduction Public spaces are essential to the urban environment, providing opportunities for social interaction, cultural exchange, and community engagement [ 1 ]. They are spaces where public life unfolds, individuals and communities come

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in a stage of continuous development and transformation. The appearance of street art can not only make the street space full of artistic atmosphere, but also its development and change cannot be separated from urban public space. Street art plays a

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anywhere in their daily lives ( Fig. 1 ). Fig. 1. Installation art in urban public space ( Source : Honghao He) From the 1980s

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preserve liveable environments, a recycling criterion seems to be important to make urban public spaces more attractive and meaningful. For more than a decade, sustainable requirements were introduced as a necessity for the development of designing new

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Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Blendi Lleshi
,
Rineta Jashari
, and
Zsuzsanna Fáczányi

1 Introduction Open public spaces are present in various forms, as city parks, neighborhood parks, mini-parks, squares or plazas, pedestrian sidewalks, greenways, playgrounds, waterfronts or beaches. Many open spaces are used and developed

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Jelen cikk a lakótelepek térproblémáit a városépítészet szemszögéből foglalja össze: a lakótelepek telepítésének, identitásának, a hely szellemének kérdéseit; a különböző szintű infrastrukturális hiányosságokat; a tulajdonjogi és telekalakítási helyzetet; a közterek állapotát és rendszereivel kapcsolatos problémákat. Az elemzés Rab Judit PhD kutatási munkájának része, amely a budapesti panellakótelepek rehabilitációját, ezen belül elsősorban azok köztereinek, térszerkezetének megújítási lehetőségeit vizsgálja. A kutatás első része a lakótelepek rövid történeti áttekintésével, egy térszervezés-vizsgálatra alapozott tipológia felállításával, valamint a lakótelepek szociológiai, városépítészeti, építési-építészeti szempontok szerinti kritikai elemzésével foglalkozik. A második szakasz a lakótelepeken megtalálható külső terek típusait veszi számba, elemzi ezeket, illetve az ezen elemekből összeálló térrendszert vizsgálja. A harmadik szakasz a lakótelepek megújulási lehetőségeivel foglalkozik, illetve a komplex rehabilitáció kérdésében fogalmaz meg ajánlásokat.

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Reclaiming the streets — Redefining democracy

The politics of the critical mass bicycle movement in Budapest

Hungarian Studies
Author:
Éva Udvarhelyi

The Critical Mass bicycle movement, whose main aim is to reclaim cyclists’ right to use city streets freely, safely and proudly, is arguably the single most powerful grassroots movement that has emerged in Hungary since the 1989 change of regimes. While Critical Mass is a critique of today’s dominant motorized transportation practices as well as a celebration of alternative modes of transportation, it is not only about the environment. The Budapest Critical Mass can be read as the spatialized enactment of a direct and embodied form of democratic participation that goes beyond and at the same time transforms representative democracy. In the context of growing political apathy and widespread disillusionment with the formal public sphere in post-socialist Hungary, Critical Mass has emerged as a unique and powerful channel of citizen participation by forging a new kind of relationship between citizens, civil society and the state.

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“poor” built environment. The “poor” design does not refer directly to the buildings, but to the isolated position of the campus or the lack of public spaces. Avoiding a “poor” environment in a city environment is much more complex than Greenfield

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