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A Szigetköz és a Mosoni-síkság eltemetett humuszos réteg folttérképének újabb pontosított változatát készítettük el 3 m mélységig terjedő fúrások segítségével. A jellemzőnek ítélt szelvények eltemetett humuszos rétegei mintáiból a radiokarbon kor vizsgálatokat az MTA ATOMKI Környezetanalitikai Laboratóriuma végezte. Több mint 2000 szelvény vizsgálata alapján megállapítottuk, hogy a szelvények kb. 25%-ában található eltemetett humuszos réteg, amelyeknek kevesebb, mint 20%-a van a felszín közelében. Azok a szelvények, amelyekben egynél több eltemetett humuszos réteget találunk a Dunaremetétől Lébényen át Győrzámolyig vezető félkör mentén helyezkednek el, délre eltávolodva a Mosoni-Duna jelenlegi vonalától. Ebben a sávban a talajképződést biztosító nyugalmi szakaszok után periodikusan visszatérő elöntések történtek. A félkör által határolt területen belül ilyen ciklikusság hatása nem volt megfigyelhető. A Duna és a Mosoni-Duna közelében az eltemetett humuszos rétegek kora 1–2 ezer év, távolabb a legrégebbi mért radiokarbon kor 4 ezer év körül volt. Ez közel azonos a Győr-tatai teraszvidéken egy lejtőhordalék talaj mélyen eltemetett humuszos rétegében mért korral. A Szigetközben a több eltemetett humuszos réteget tartalmazó zónában a periodikus nagy hordalékszállítási ciklusok 500–1000 évente ismétlődtek. A terület déli részén, Lébény környékén a viszonylag vékony, de ciklikusan megjelenő hordalékszállítások a korábbi 7–10 ezer éves hansági tőzegre rakódtak le. A vizsgálati adatok segíthetnek a terület földtani és emberi településtörténeti kutatásában is.

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The Sárrét marshland is situated along the northeastern foothills of the Bakony Mountains, along a NE-SW-trending neotectonic zone. Investigation of the marshland and the reconstruction of its evolution are especially interesting to compare to the present and the expected future stage of Lakes Balaton and Velence. Based on the sedimentological characteristics of the core sequence and the geochemical, physical, and mineralogical composition of the layers, three sedimentological cycles could be separated. The three cycles represent the most important evolutionary phases of lake formation: flourishing and progressive aging. First, a nutrient-poor, open-water lake existed, where clastic sediments (sand and silty clay) were deposited. During the second phase, phytoplankton-produced autogenic lime mud was deposited in the progressively more eutrophic water. Peat accumulation during the third stage indicates the marsh phase of the lake.The results suggest that the studied sequence developed from Late Glacial to Middle Holocene. According to radiocarbon dating the accumulation rate in Sárrét (Sümegi, this volume) corresponds to the sedimentation rates in the Tapolca Basin and Lake Balaton.

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Abstract  

Radiocarbon ages of 17 ancient Japanese documents of known age and 3 unknown samples were measured by AMS. Radiocarbon dating on the known documents concluded that the Japanese paper is a suitable sample for radiocarbon dating because of small discrepancy between the calibrated radiocarbon age and the historical age due to the characteristics of Japanese paper. From the dating of the paper samples of unknown age, the wood-block prints, it was clarified that they had been produced between the 11th century and the first half of the 12th century as the historical information suggested.

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. IntCal09 and Marine09 radiocarbon age calibration curves, 0–50.000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon. 51 . (4) 1111–1150. Reimer P J IntCal09 and Marine09 radiocarbon age calibration curves, 0

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: A. Olariu, R. Hellborg, K. Stenström, G. Skog, M. Faarinen, P. Persson, B. Erlandsson, and E. Alexandrescu

Abstract  

A set of fossil bones from Romania has been analysed by accelerator mass spectrometry and by neutron activation analysis in order to estimate their age. The temporal attributing of Malu Rosu archaeological settlement has been extensively analyzed. The radiocarbon age, determined by accelerator mass spectrometry, for this site is 5510±200 BP. This is in agreement with the age of 6000±2000 BP, obtained by the dating method based on fluorine content, determined by neutron activation analysis.

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Abstract  

We measured radiocarbon age of an ancient document “Minamoto no Yoritomo Sodehan Migyosho”. The content tells that it was issued in 1189 by “Minamoto no Yoritomo” known as the virtually first shogun in Japan to grant “Matsugi” family the privilege of controlling craftsmen of foundry industry. Paleographical views, however, suggested that it can be a counterfeit. The radiocarbon dating clarified that the document was written not in the 12th but after the 16th century.

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Abstract  

A new approach to dating ancient obsidian artifacts based on the modeling of water diffusion profiles is evaluated using multiple archaeological test cases of known age. Hydrogen profiles from hydrated obsidian surfaces have been collected by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). The H2O concentration versus depth profiles are modeled and diffusion ages have been produced. SIMS based dates for fourteen obsidian specimens of well-known age, ranging from 300-7000 years old, have been compared with radiocarbon ages. The convergence between the two dating methods is excellent and validates the new dating approach.

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–56. Kovda, I. et al., 2001. Radiocarbon age of Vertisols and its interpretation using data on gilgai complex in the North Caucasus. Radiocarbon. 43 . (2) 603–609. MSZ-08 0210 77, 1978. Determination of the

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according to botanical and biomorph analysis. Biol. Bull. 26. 297–306. Kovda, I. et al., 2001. Radiocarbon age of Vertisols and its interpretation using data on gilgai complex in the North Caucasus. Radiocarbon. 43

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Stuiver, M., Remer, P. J., Bard, J. W., Beck, J. W., Burr, G. S., Hughen, K. A., Omer, B., McCormac, F. G., v. d. Plight, J., Spurk, M. 1988 INTCAL 98 Radiocarbon Age Calibration, 24,000 - 0 cal BP Radiocarbon 40/3, 1041

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