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Authors: Éva Görbe, Judit Jeager, Bálint Nagy, Ágnes Harmath, Erik Hauzman, Ervin Hruby, Barbara Kőhalmi, Mónika Perlaki, Lilla Sassi and Attila Rab

Bevezetés: A neonatális szepszis mortalitása magas, és koraszülöttek esetén a szepszis rizikója emelkedik a születési súly csökkenésével. Anyag és módszer: A szerzők gyorsteszt segítségével 12 érett újszülött és 60 igen kis súlyú (VLBW) koraszülött interleukin-6-vérszintjét határozták meg a C-reaktív protein vizsgálatával egyidejűleg, akiket a Semmelweis Egyetem I. Számú Szülészeti és Nőgyógyászati Klinikájának Neonatális Intenzív Centrumában kezeltek 2005-ben és 2006-ban. A szérum-IL-6 meghatározása gyorsteszt segítségével történt (Milenia Quickline IL-6, PicoScan system). Eredmények: Vizsgálataikban a szérum-interleukin-6- és CRP-meghatározás korrelált. A szérum-IL-6-meghatározás szenzitivitása a CRP-értékkel együtt az általuk vizsgált betegcsoportban 100% volt, álnegatív eset nem fordult elő. A vizsgálat pozitív prediktív értéke 93%. Adataikat Mann–Whitney-teszt segítségével analizálták (SPSS Statistical Software Package, Chicago, IL, USA). Szignifikáns különbség volt az igazolt szepszis és az infekciós betegcsoport IL-6-értékei között ( p = 0,048), valamint az infekciós és nem infekciós csoport interleukin-6-értékei között ( p < 0,005). Következtetések: Az igen kis súlyúak nem specifikus infekciós tünetekhez hasonló reakcióit értékelve, a szeptikus és nem infekciós esetek elkülönítése a neonatális morbiditás és mortalitás csökkentése érdekében is fontos szempont, a költségek csökkentésével egyidejűleg.

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: 202. Doi: 10.3390/diagnostics10040202. 9 Cassaniti I, Novazzi F, Giardina F, et al. Performance of VivaDiag COVID-19 IgM/IgG rapid test is inadequate for diagnosis of

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. szeptember 8 World Health Organization: Hepatitis C assays – operational characteristics. Geneva, WHO, 2001. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: HIV Counseling with Rapid

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Authors: J. Krapez, P. Cielo, K. Cole and G. Vaudreuil
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Authors: Andreas Hahn, Rebecca Hinz, Thomas Meyer, Ulrike Loderstädt, Ottmar Herchenröder, Christian G. Meyer, Norbert Georg Schwarz and Hagen Frickmann

Introduction: German sex workers have illegally established a prevention strategy, which consists of testing potential sexual partners with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-specific rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) prior to engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse eventually performed in case of a negative test result. Based on a recently established modeling approach, the effectiveness of this strategy regarding the risk of HIV exposure was compared with protection provided by condom use.

Methods: Based on a literature search, the following assumptions were used for the calculations: an averaged 80% exposure risk reduction with a condom used during sexual intercourse, usage of a well-characterized 4th-generation HIV RDT, and a 10 day post-infection period without any measurable viral load in peripheral blood followed by a seroconversion period of about 3 weeks with 12.3% test sensitivity (antigen-specific) and only afterwards 97.3% (antibody-specific) test sensitivity.

Results: In most constellations, the HIV exposure risk in case of RDT-based prevention was lower than with condom use.

Conclusions: The RDT-based HIV exposure prevention as established by sex workers is effective in most situations. A notable weakness of the strategy is the RDTs' poor sensitivity in spite of a high transmission risk during the seroconversion stage.

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Lemna minor is a species easy to collect and culture in laboratory, and can give rapid test results. However, in order to standardise toxicity tests using Lemna minor as test organism, it is important to find out what natural variability different populations might have. Five Lemna populations were used for comparison. It contained two standard cultures and three populations collected in natural habitats. Potassium dichromate was applied as test material. Lemna populations cultured under the same condi- tions showed different TD and LC50 values. There is an inverse relation between the sensitivity and TD of the strains. It is supposed that growth rate and sensitivity of Lemna populations depend on environmen- tal factors characterising the habitat in which the given popluation originally lives.

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A thin-layer chromatography-2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhdrazyl (TLC-DPPH) method has been developed for the quantification of withanolides and simultaneous estimation of antioxidant potential of each constituent present in a complex mixture. High-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) of withanolide-rich fraction of Withania somnifera root was performed on Si 60F254 HPTLC plates with dichloromethane-toluene-methanol-acetone-diethyl ether (6.5:7:4:1.5:1, ν/ν) as a mobile phase for the separation of withanolides and on the basis of R F values 0.07, 0.55, 0.61, 0.63, 0.66, and 0.77 for withanoside V, withaferine A, 1,2-deoxywithastramonolide, withanone, withanolide A, and withanolide B, respectively. The concentrations of withanoside V, withaferine A, 1,2-deoxywithastramonolide, withanone, withanolide A, and withanolide B were 0.86, 12.9, 1.92, 1.52, 5.24, and 4.52 mg g−1 respectively. A TLC-DPPH rapid test was used to assess the free-radical scavenging activity of constituents in withanolide-rich fraction for the first time. In withanolides, withanoside V and withanolide B show the highest antioxidant potential. In unknown compounds, peak No. 17 at R F 0.92 has the highest antioxidant potential and peak No. 16 at R F 0.87 has recorded the lowest antioxidant potential. It is also found that some of the unidentified components had significant antioxidant potential. This technique has several advantages; therefore, this method will be useful for rapidly validating the Ayurvedic products containing W. somnifera.

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Authors: J.T. Padra, I. Seres, A. Oláh, F. Fenyvesi, G. Paragh, G. Paragh, László Csernoch, G. Fóris and P. Kertai

In our experiments we compared the serum lipoprotein lipid composition of Fischer 344 (F344) and Long-Evans (LE) inbred rats as well as of their hybrid FLF1 from both sexes after feeding them for 2, 4 and 8 weeks with different diets. The following diets were used: 1) standard diet marked as CRLT/N; 2) diet reach in butter marked as BR; 3) diet containing cholesterol, sodium cholate and methylthiouracil marked as CR; 4) diet marked as BRC, which is the Hartroft-Sós diet modified by our research group consisting of the diets BR and CR. The latter diet was the most effective, because within two weeks the level of serum total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride in the F344 female rats increased 8, 30, 4 and 8 times, respectively. The male rats of the Long-Evans strain showed moderately increased values while the FLF1 female hybrids derived from the hybridization of LE males and F344 females had values closer to those of the mother strain. Despite the fact that during this time the LDL/HDL ratio increased from 0.06 to 2.97 and the PON-1 activity decreased to one-third, a significant lipid deposition could not be shown in the wall of the abdominal aorta even two months later. Our experimental model is suitable for the chemoprevention of dyslipidaemia or rapid testing of molecules chosen for its treatment.

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Authors: Dezső Láng, László Láng and Zoltán Bedő

Ram M. S., Dowell F. E., Seitz L. M., and Lookhart G. L. 2002. Development of standard procedures for a simple, rapid test to determine wheat color class — Cereal Chem. 79(2): 230–237 Lookhart G. L

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