Among European Union policies, regional policy has always been considered a key domain due to its considerable role in negotiation of interests between mem-ber countries and distribution of European Union funds. Its significance, however, is expected to increase further as soon as countries of the Central Eastern Euro-pean region join the European Union and start lobbying for the concentration of European Union resources in the area. The new member states of the EU will stand on the periphery – not only in the geographical sense, but also regarding their level of economic development.
Helmsing , A. H. J.
( 1999 ): Flexible Specialisation, Clusters and Industrial Districts and ‘Second’ and ‘Third Generation’ RegionalPolicies . Institute of Social Studies, Hague, Working Papers , No., 305
Phillipe Martin  had developed a simple, but extremely impressive model of economic development analyzing the interaction
between agglomeration and regional income inequality. The essential philosophy of Martin’s static model had been translated
into a dynamical model, where it can be shown that the interdependence between agglomeration and income disparities satisfies
the conditions of the Lotka-Volterra model, thus implying regular and phase-shifted cycles. By introducing the dynamics of
innovation, the simple two-dimensional model will be extended to a model similar to that developed by Chiarella .
A közgazdasági irodalom növekedési
elméleteiben nem alakult ki konszenzust afelől, hogy az országok vagy régiók
növekedése hosszú távon konvergenciához vagy divergenciához vezet. Jelen
tanulmányban azt vizsgáljuk meg, hogy a különbözőmegközelítések szerint hogyan
lehet (halehet egyáltalán) a kiegyenlítődés felé terelni a gazdaságokat, vagy
legalábbis a fejlődési különbségek enyhítésére átmenetileg milyen erőfeszítéseket
érdemes tennie egy or__
The notion of competitiveness figures nowadays frequently and centrally both in economic policy and in regional development. Current economic development programmes, in short, have been directly responsible for the increasing attention devoted to analyses of regional competitiveness. At the same time, there is a growing consensus that a single notion of competitiveness can be found to describe processes of the globalising economy for companies (microlevel), industrial sectors and regions (mesolevel) as well as for national economies (macrolevel). The standard (common) concept of competitiveness has been partly developed in order to serve as a widely accepted theoretical definition, which can be measured and also be used by economic development policies. Competitiveness is intimately bound up with successful economic development. This study reviews the conceptual background and some special aspects of competitiveness and also looks more closely at one of the basic models of enhancing regional competitiveness. First, some aspects of the standard notion of competitiveness are discussed. Then some key indicators of the competitiveness of Hungarian regions will be investigated. I shall end by introducing the so-called pyramid model, which has been designed to measure and improve regional competitiveness.