Friendships and other relationships are crucial to human fitness, yet such relationships often terminate acrimoniously. We explore the pattern of relationship conflict, and the processes of reconciliation that are used to repair them. In this sample, an individual fell out with one member of their extended network, on average, every 7.2 months. Conflict with very close family is surprisingly high; nonetheless, most conflicts involve unrelated individuals (friends, colleagues), suggesting that kin relationships are relatively more buffered against the stresses that trigger conflict (reflecting the “kinship premium”). Around 40% of conflicts remain unreconciled after a year. There were striking sex differences in the intimacy of the relationships involved in breakdown, and the precipitating causes, as well as whom participants reported falling out with. These patterns may reflect women’s preference for fewer, more intimate (and correspondingly more fragile) relationships. The functional origins of this gender difference are not well understood.
Authors:Natale Canale, Alessio Vieno and Mark D. Griffiths
volume (gambling <7 hr/month, spending less than £61.50/month), and not limited to just excessive gambling, may lead to adverse social and/or economic consequences such as relationshipbreakdown, job loss, and financial problem.
This study is the
Authors:Daniel L. King, Joel Billieux, Natacha Carragher and Paul H. Delfabbro
of behaviors or consequences (e.g., failing school, relationshipbreakdown). In addition, some items appear to have low thresholds for endorsement (i.e., low item difficulty) due to their wording or scoring approach, such as when individuals who have
Authors:Margo Hilbrecht, David Baxter, Max Abbott, Per Binde, Luke Clark, David C. Hodgins, Darrel Manitowabi, Lena Quilty, Jessika SpÅngberg, Rachel Volberg, Douglas Walker and Robert J. Williams
problems rarely seek treatment ( Williams, Stevens, & Nixon, 2011a ). Further, non-monetary impacts such as relationshipbreakdown or job loss due to gambling are often challenging to measure.
Low-risk limits are being