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The paper focuses on the presence of reported speech in journalistic texts. It concentrates on the role of quotation marks as introducers of reported speech elements, marking not only voices different from the author’s one, but also pieces of reference sets that are not his own. Words and segments introduced by quotation marks thus show fragments of foreign discourses and foreign individual and social identities. The distance taken by the journalist from the other people’s words will be examined on a corpus of French journalistic texts.

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Israeli is currently one of the official languages of the State of Israel. It is a fusional synthetic language, with non-concatenative discontinuous morphemes realised by vowel infixation. This typological paper demonstrates that there is a clear distinction in Israeli between direct and indirect speech. The indirect speech report, which is a subset of complement clauses, is characterized by a shift in person, spatial and temporal deixis. However, unlike in English, the verbs usually do not undergo a tense shift. Israeli has various lexicalized direct speech reports. By and large, Israeli reported speech constructions reflect Yiddish and Standard Average European patterns, often enhancing a suitable pre-existent Hebrew construction.

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This paper examines verbs of speech used for introducing direct speech in Late Latin and changes which occurred from Classical to Late Latin. It focuses on four verbal forms which were previously identified as the most frequent in selected Late Latin texts, namely inquit, ait, dicens, and dixit. Their properties and patterns of use are examined and their development into quotative markers are considered. It is shown that while in Classical Latin inquit prevails, in Late Latin the range of verbal forms is wider and includes verbal forms that in Classical texts almost never appeared or had different functions than introducing direct speech. It is argued that despite some signs of grammaticalization, none of the examined forms has become a fully developed quotative marker. Thus, concerning the means for introducing direct speech, variability and heterogeneity are the basic characteristics of Late Latin texts.

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This study is concerned with the strategies for reporting speech in contemporary Russian. It analyses the salient features of direct and indirect speech report constructions and examines the shifts that accompany the transformation of a direct speech report construction into its corresponding indirect construction. It demonstrates that while most speech report constructions in Russian are multiclausal, monoclausal constructions using evidentials are also possible and that a speech report continuum exists where some constructions display features of both direct and indirect speech reports.

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In his individual way of reporting speeches (cf. 1. 22. 1) Thucydides presents a speech delivered by Pericles in the Athenian Assembly before the beginnings of the Peloponnesian War (1. 140–144). Holding the persistent view that the Peloponnesians have to be opposed Pericles makes every effort to persuade the Athenians of the necessity of war. His suggestions which were accepted by the demos are among the causes of the Peloponnesian War.

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96 193 206 Dömötör, Adrienne 2001. Tendencies in the development of Late Old Hungarian and Early Middle Hungarian main clauses of reported speech

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developments in Eastern Khanty] Dömötör, Adrienne 2001. Tendencies in the development of Late Old Hungarian and Early Middle Hungarian main clauses of reported speech. In: Acta

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1989 10 1 35 Myers, Greg 1992. “In this paper we report...”: Speech acts and scientific facts. In: Journal of Pragmatics

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/nominative and infinitive construction and subjunctive mood In Latin, the Accusative/Nominative and Infinitive construction governed by the verbs of saying or thinking along with the subjunctive mood are always used in passages which contain the reported speech

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the mental lexicon. Technical report. Speech research Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Indiana University. Maddieson, Ian 1984. Patterns of sounds. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

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