Authors:Liming Liang, Lixin Chen, Yishan Wu, and Junpeng Yuan
researchcollaboration? How does the collaboration look like? Various definitions and explanations have been developed by previous studies from different perspectives (Beaver and Rosen 1978a , b , 1979 ; Egghe 1991 ; Katz and Martin 1997 ; Laudel 2001
The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of scientific research collaboration in China by bibliometric
indicators, collaborative index, degree of collaboration and level of collaboration, based on the articles published in 1218
titles of Chinese scientific and technical periodicals in the year 1993. The results suggest that the current trend of collaboration
among multiauthors and multiinstetutions for producing scientific articles may have reflected the multidimensional science
Authors:Giovanni Abramo, Ciriaco Andrea D’Angelo, and Marco Solazzi
investigations concerning the regional dimension of public–private researchcollaboration.
Recognizing the importance of geographical proximity between the producers and users of new knowledge, meaning between public research institutions and private
resources for innovation capacity building, and should be augmented with credible analysis of African innovation system.
This article examines the nature and dynamics of the African scientific and technological researchcollaborations 2005–2009, with
It is generally assumed that there is a negative correlation between national scientific size and amount of international
research collaboration: The larger the size is of the national scientific arena, the lesser the amount of international research
collaboration. In this study, the collaboration pattern of 49 universities is analysed and a comparison is made between the
Northern European and American universities in our sample. It was found that the American universities have more national
and less international collaboration than the European ones. However, for the European universities there are no impact of
national size although the countries differ much in scientific size. This deviation from the general trend indicates that
the above-mentioned explanation is too simple and that national scientific size does not correlate negatively with the amount
of international research collaboration without exceptions.
Authors:Seongkyoon Jeong, Jae Young Choi, and Jaeyun Kim
importance of researchcollaboration, in the science and technology fields in particular, they have increased phenomenally in the past several decades (Laband and Tollison 2000 ) and have been encouraged because they produce higher productivity rates than do
During the past several decades, researchcollaboration in science and technology has drastically emerged as a major research formation (Laband and Tollison 2000 ) upon the understanding that research
Authors:Maria Benavent-Pérez, Juan Gorraiz, Christian Gumpenberger, and Félix de Moya-Anegón
Within the last decades knowledge production underwent radical changes. Researchcollaboration (RC) has become a necessity due to the enormous pressure scientists, institutions or even countries face in their daily
This paper compares external research collaboration in small science systems. The design involves studying research collaboration in an independent country (Iceland) and a region of a large country (Newfoundland, Canada). The objective of the paper is firstly to gain a deeper understanding of external research collaboration in small science systems by using both quantitative and qualitative methods and secondly to examine if it is justifiable to compare small regions and small independent countries in terms of their scientific activities. The two science systems are compared with respect to their publication patterns in order to explore how comparable they are in their scientific profiles. External collaboration rates for both science systems are then measured and compared, and it is shown that research collaboration plays an important part in the two science systems. The role of research collaboration is examined further with a combination of bibliometric analysis and interview data. It was found that scientists in small science systems do not collaborate only because they lack economic resources, but an important reason for their collaboration was the availability of research material which was in demand by scientists in the wider scientific world.