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research collaboration? How does the collaboration look like? Various definitions and explanations have been developed by previous studies from different perspectives (Beaver and Rosen 1978a , b , 1979 ; Egghe 1991 ; Katz and Martin 1997 ; Laudel 2001

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Abstract  

The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of scientific research collaboration in China by bibliometric indicators, collaborative index, degree of collaboration and level of collaboration, based on the articles published in 1218 titles of Chinese scientific and technical periodicals in the year 1993. The results suggest that the current trend of collaboration among multiauthors and multiinstetutions for producing scientific articles may have reflected the multidimensional science of China.

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Information Melford 245 – 254 . Katz , J. S. Martin , B. R. 1997 What is research collaboration? Research Policy

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investigations concerning the regional dimension of public–private research collaboration. Recognizing the importance of geographical proximity between the producers and users of new knowledge, meaning between public research institutions and private

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resources for innovation capacity building, and should be augmented with credible analysis of African innovation system. This article examines the nature and dynamics of the African scientific and technological research collaborations 2005–2009, with

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Impact of national size on research collaboration

A comparison between Northern European and American universities

Scientometrics
Author: G. Melin

Abstract  

It is generally assumed that there is a negative correlation between national scientific size and amount of international research collaboration: The larger the size is of the national scientific arena, the lesser the amount of international research collaboration. In this study, the collaboration pattern of 49 universities is analysed and a comparison is made between the Northern European and American universities in our sample. It was found that the American universities have more national and less international collaboration than the European ones. However, for the European universities there are no impact of national size although the countries differ much in scientific size. This deviation from the general trend indicates that the above-mentioned explanation is too simple and that national scientific size does not correlate negatively with the amount of international research collaboration without exceptions.

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importance of research collaboration, in the science and technology fields in particular, they have increased phenomenally in the past several decades (Laband and Tollison 2000 ) and have been encouraged because they produce higher productivity rates than do

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Introduction During the past several decades, research collaboration in science and technology has drastically emerged as a major research formation (Laband and Tollison 2000 ) upon the understanding that research

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Introduction Within the last decades knowledge production underwent radical changes. Research collaboration (RC) has become a necessity due to the enormous pressure scientists, institutions or even countries face in their daily

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This paper compares external research collaboration in small science systems. The design involves studying research collaboration in an independent country (Iceland) and a region of a large country (Newfoundland, Canada). The objective of the paper is firstly to gain a deeper understanding of external research collaboration in small science systems by using both quantitative and qualitative methods and secondly to examine if it is justifiable to compare small regions and small independent countries in terms of their scientific activities. The two science systems are compared with respect to their publication patterns in order to explore how comparable they are in their scientific profiles. External collaboration rates for both science systems are then measured and compared, and it is shown that research collaboration plays an important part in the two science systems. The role of research collaboration is examined further with a combination of bibliometric analysis and interview data. It was found that scientists in small science systems do not collaborate only because they lack economic resources, but an important reason for their collaboration was the availability of research material which was in demand by scientists in the wider scientific world.

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